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Migration (80 books)

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Turismo, cultura e desenvolvimento

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9788578791940 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7476/9788578791940 Language: PT
Publisher: SciELO Books - EDUEPB
Subject: Social Sciences
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As discussões sobre turismo e cultura têm suscitado crescente interesse pelas dinâmicas dos processos que afetam ao desenvolvimento de regiões e lugares. O desafio posto pelos autores do livro é contribuir no debate teórico/conceitual para explicação do turismo e da cultura enquanto fenômeno e realidade empírica de forma a promover o desenvolvimento voltado ao ser humano e o aprofundamento das pesquisas nos diversos estados do Brasil.

"Fit im Forst" - eine bewegungsbezogene Intervention für Forstwirte

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ISBN: 9783863951047 Year: Pages: 291 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Education --- Sports Science --- Public Health --- Social Sciences
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Die Waldarbeit ist eine körperlich anspruchsvolle Tätigkeit und geht mit intensiven Belastungen des Stütz- und Bewegungsapparates einher. Die Berufsgruppe der Forstwirte ist somit nicht vom, in der heutigen Gesellschaft weit verbreiteten, Risikofaktor Bewegungsmangel betroffen. Vielmehr sind stereotype Bewegungsmuster verantwortlich für die Ausprägung muskulärer Dysbalancen, die wiederum ätiologisch für Rückenbeschwerden sein können. Im Rahmen der vorliegenden Studie wurden zunächst die Bedingungen und Arbeitstätigkeiten bei der Waldarbeit analysiert. Auf der Grundlage eines biopsychosozialen Ansatzes wurde darauf aufbauend eine bewegungsbezogene Intervention für Forstwirte konzipiert. Die Zielsetzung bestand darin, die berufsbedingten Belastungen im Sinne eines sportlichen Ausgleichstrainings zu reduzieren sowie spezifi sche Gesundheitsressourcen zu stärken. Die Intervention wurde im betrieblichen Kontext für einen Zeitraum von drei Jahren implementiert. Die Evaluation erfolgte anhand ausgewählter motorischer und psychosozialer Parameter sowie einer Analyse des Krankenstandes. Die Ergebnisse verdeutlichen die Notwendigkeit einer bewegungsbezogenen Intervention bei einem Berufsbild mit vergleichsweise hoher körperlicher Belastung und es wurde aufgezeigt, wie eine solche Maßnahme im betrieblichen Kontext langfristig implementiert werden kann.

Die Waldarbeit ist eine körperlich anspruchsvolle Tätigkeit und geht mit intensiven Belastungen des Stütz- und Bewegungsapparates einher. Die Berufsgruppe der Forstwirte ist somit nicht vom, in der heutigen Gesellschaft weit verbreiteten, Risikofaktor Bewegungsmangel betroffen. Vielmehr sind stereotype Bewegungsmuster verantwortlich für die Ausprägung muskulärer Dysbalancen, die wiederum ätiologisch für Rückenbeschwerden sein können. Im Rahmen der vorliegenden Studie wurden zunächst die Bedingungen und Arbeitstätigkeiten bei der Waldarbeit analysiert. Auf der Grundlage eines biopsychosozialen Ansatzes wurde darauf aufbauend eine bewegungsbezogene Intervention für Forstwirte konzipiert. Die Zielsetzung bestand darin, die berufsbedingten Belastungen im Sinne eines sportlichen Ausgleichstrainings zu reduzieren sowie spezifi sche Gesundheitsressourcen zu stärken. Die Intervention wurde im betrieblichen Kontext für einen Zeitraum von drei Jahren implementiert. Die Evaluation erfolgte anhand ausgewählter motorischer und psychosozialer Parameter sowie einer Analyse des Krankenstandes. Die Ergebnisse verdeutlichen die Notwendigkeit einer bewegungsbezogenen Intervention bei einem Berufsbild mit vergleichsweise hoher körperlicher Belastung und es wurde aufgezeigt, wie eine solche Maßnahme im betrieblichen Kontext langfristig implementiert werden kann.

60 Jahre Studium Generale und 20 Jahre Angewandte Kulturwissenschaft : Entstehung - Dokumente - Konzeptionen

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Book Series: Problemkreise der angewandten Kulturwissenschaft / ZAK, Zentrum für Angewandte Kulturwissenschaft und Studium Generale ISBN: 9783866444393 Year: Pages: 316 Language: German
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Education --- Social Sciences
License: KIT Scientific Publishing

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Zum Jahr des Doppeljubiläums - 60 Jahre Studium Generale, 20 Jahre Angewandte Kulturwissenschaft an der Universität Karlsruhe - dokumentiert der Band die Geschichte und Inhalte der beiden Institutionen. Versammelt sind neben Dokumenten und Quellen zur Gründung und Weiterentwicklung von Studium Generale und Angewandter Kulturwissenschaft auch programmatische historische und aktuelle Texte zur überfachlichen Lehre und den Aufgaben kulturwissenschaftlicher Ansätze an einer Technischen Universität.

Across the margins: Cultural identity

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ISBN: 9780719057496 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Social Sciences
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Across the margins offers a comparative, theoretically informed analysis of the cultural formation of the Atlantic Archipelago. In its overall conception and in specific contributions (including an introductory essay), this collection demonstrates the benefits of working across the disciplines of history, geography, literature and cultural studies, but also presents new configurations of cultural forms hitherto associated with specifically national and sub-national literatures. The essays, from both established and new scholars working in the fields of British, Irish and comparative cultural studies, addresses broad questions raised by the interface between language, gender, sexuality and ethnicity in relation to marginal identities, but also includes specific genre-based case studies on contemporary poetry, fiction, drama, popular music and art. This format recognises the importance of specific concerns which emerge from different geographical locations, but also encourages movement beyond traditional formations of national cultures. Responding to recent constitutional developments in Great Britain and Ireland, it explores their implications both for the cultural negotiations of marginality and for established critical paradigms. It is therefore of interest to undergraduates, postgraduates and academics working in the areas of comparative literature, postcolonial theory, Irish, Scottish and Welsh studies, and British political/cultural studies.

Keywords

transatlantic --- culture --- literature

Adat and Indigeneity in Indonesia - Culture and Entitlements between Heteronomy and Self-Ascription

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Book Series: Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property ISSN: 21908672 ISBN: 9783863951320 Year: Pages: 240 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Anthropology --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
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A number of UN conventions and declarations (on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and the World Heritage Conventions) can be understood as instruments of international governance to promote democracy and social justice worldwide. In Indonesia (as in many other countries), these international agreements have encouraged the self-assertion of communities that had been oppressed and deprived of their land, especially during the New Order regime (1966-1998). More than 2,000 communities in Indonesia who define themselves as masyarakat adat or “indigenous peoples” had already joined the Indigenous Peoples’ Alliance of the Archipelago” (AMAN) by 2013. In their efforts to gain recognition and selfdetermination, these communities are supported by international donors and international as well as national NGOs by means of development programmes. In the definition of masyarakat adat, “culture” or adat plays an important role in the communities’ self-definition. Based on particular characteristics of their adat, the asset of their culture, they try to distinguish themselves from others in order to substantiate their claims for the restitution of their traditional rights and property (namely land and other natural resources) from the state. The authors of this volume investigate how differently structured communities - socially, politically and religiously - and associations reposition themselves vis-à-vis others, especially the state, not only by drawing on adat for achieving particular goals, but also dignity and a better future.

A number of UN conventions and declarations (on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and the World Heritage Conventions) can be understood as instruments of international governance to promote democracy and social justice worldwide. In Indonesia (as in many other countries), these international agreements have encouraged the self-assertion of communities that had been oppressed and deprived of their land, especially during the New Order regime (1966-1998). More than 2,000 communities in Indonesia who define themselves as masyarakat adat or “indigenous peoples” had already joined the Indigenous Peoples’ Alliance of the Archipelago” (AMAN) by 2013. In their efforts to gain recognition and selfdetermination, these communities are supported by international donors and international as well as national NGOs by means of development programmes. In the definition of masyarakat adat, “culture” or adat plays an important role in the communities’ self-definition. Based on particular characteristics of their adat, the asset of their culture, they try to distinguish themselves from others in order to substantiate their claims for the restitution of their traditional rights and property (namely land and other natural resources) from the state. The authors of this volume investigate how differently structured communities - socially, politically and religiously - and associations reposition themselves vis-à-vis others, especially the state, not only by drawing on adat for achieving particular goals, but also dignity and a better future.

Adolescent Pregnancy: Past, Present and Future Trends and Issues

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ISBN: 9783038422945/9783038422952 Year: Pages: X, 172 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
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This collection provides a forum for leading scholars to examine theoretical insights and empirical findings associated with the recent decline in adolescent pregnancy and childbearing internationally, with special attention given to the United States. This recent shift in the incidence of adolescent fertility is notable in its consistency and magnitude; at the same time, however, continuing historic disparities require focused attention on the contemporary meaning of early childbearing in the U.S. as well as across the globe. The widely interdisciplinary contributions focus on demographic trends in adolescent fertility; successful intervention approaches and major “lessons learned” regarding primary pregnancy prevention; identification of key theoretical issues associated with these trends, with particular focus on the existence and meaning of disparities and their implications for youth development and wellbeing.

Advising in austerity: Reflections on challenging times for advice agencies

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ISBN: 9781447334156 Year: Pages: 136 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. In a world dominated by austerity politics and policies, Advising in austerity provides a lively and thought-provoking account of the conditions, consequences and challenges of advice work in the UK, presenting a rare and rich view of the world of advice giving. Based on original research it examines how advisors negotiate the private troubles of those who come to Citizens Advice Bureaux (CAB) and construct ways forward. Exploring how advisors are trained, the strong contributor team reflect on the challenges facing Citizens Advice Bureaux in the future, where austerity will ensure that the need for advice services increase, while funding for such services declines.

Keywords

Citizens Advice --- austerity --- citizens --- debt --- law

Ageing in Europe. Supporting Policies for an Inclusive Society

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783110444414 9783110437041 Year: Pages: xii, 380 DOI: 10.1515/9783110444414 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Social Sciences --- Economics
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SHARE is an international survey designed to answer the societal challenges that face us due to rapid population ageing. How do we Europeans age? How will we do economically, socially and healthwise? How are these domains interrelated? The authors of this multidisciplinary book have taken a further big step towards answering these questions based on the recent SHARE data in order to support policies for an inclusive society.

agency@?

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ISBN: 9783205773276 Year: Pages: 320 Seiten Language: de
Publisher: Böhlau
Subject: Media and communication --- Social Sciences
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Considering the abundant promises and euphoric expectations (as well as apocalyptic visions of technology) that still dominate discourses on media and technology my analysis focuses on their cultural and social condition, the specific moment of their emergence, their continuous persistence, their socio-symbolic function, and their implications for social contexts of thought and perception and for hegemonic relations. The techno-deterministic notion of a ‚paradigm change', the proclamation of a ‚radically new' definition of the subject and the idea of a technically conditioned abolition of traditional dichotomies is in fact contrasted by a striking adherence to conventional and dichotome models of thought and of representation, and to the idea of an autonomous and technologically perfectionable subject.My analysis will on the one hand focus on the function of exaggerated visions of technological development (predicating a dissolution of space, time, matter and identity) and the function of ideas of ‚alternative', ‚virtual' ‚spaces' for establishing specific notions of ‚society' - indicating a specific relation of phantasm and symptom as I will show. On the other hand I will develop the definition of a political subject - not conceived as a sovereign actor, nor as an arbitrary variety, but rather as constituted on the basis of a structural impossibility inherent in language and which alone can be, due to this very impossibility or antagonism a subject of the political. In the course of this argument the notion of sexual difference will be critically revised. Furthermore I will develop a definition of agency adequate to provide the grounds and the argumentative tools for the contestability of cultural and social constructs. My emphasis will be on the interdependencies of these questions and I will base my arguments on a notion of Cyberspace that defines it as a socio-symbolic construct comprising both technical implementations as well as the respective discourses and which continuously has to be negotiated. My approach combines structural psychoanalytical theory, hegemony studies, art theory, film theory, media studies, gender studies and cultural studies. As a transdisciplinary critical theory of representation and considering its statement of problems, as well as its focus, it differs from predominant approaches to current developments of technology to create perspectives on current technological dispositives and media constellations beyond prevalent techno-euphoric or pessimistic views.

Ausgangspunkt meiner Analyse sind die mit der Idee eines Cyberspace nach wie vor verknüpften utopisch wie auch dystopisch überfrachteten Projektionen hinsichtlich ihrer kulturellen und ideologischen Beschaffenheit, des Zeitpunktes ihres Auftretens, ihrer anhaltenden Persistenz, ihrer sozio-symbolischen Funktion sowie ihrer Implikationen für gesellschaftliche Denk- und Wahrnehmungszusammenhänge. Technikdeterministische Vorstellungen eines ‚Paradigmenwechsels', die Proklamierung einer technologisch bedingten ‚Neudefinition' des Subjekts, die Idee einer Auflösung klassischer Dichotomien und einer Grenzüberschreitung von Raum, Zeit, Materie und Identität stehen in deutlichem Widerspruch zur tatsächlich beobachtbaren Reproduktion nicht nur konventioneller und dichotomer Denkmodelle und Repräsentationsformen, sondern der Idee eines autonomen und technologisch perfektionierbaren Subjekts, die angesichts ihrer zentralen Rolle in aktuellen Mediendiskursen und der Vehemenz, mit der sie zu diesem spezifiaschen historischen Zeitpunkt vertreten wird, einer Erklärung bedarf.Meine Analyse fokussiert auf die Funktion derartiger Technologievisionen bzw. der Idee ‚alternativer' virtueller ‚Räume' für die Etablierung bestimmter Konzeptionen von ‚Gesellschaft' und verweist auf eine für diesen Kontext spezifische Relation von Phantasma und Symptom. Auf der Basis einer Revision des Begriffs sexueller Differenz entwickle ich die Definition eines politischen Subjekts, das nicht einfach als souveräner Akteur oder beliebige Vielfalt zu verstehen ist, sondern sich über einen strukturellen Antagonismus konstituiert, sowie einen Begriff von Handlungsfähigkeit, der die Basis für eine Anfechtbarkeit sozio-kultureller Konstruktionen begründen kann. Meinen Ausführungen lege ich in der Folge einen Begriff von Cyberspace zugrunde, der diesen als sozio-symbolisches Konstrukt definiert, das sowohl technologische Implementierungen wie auch die damit verbundenen Diskurse umfaßt und unausgesetzt neu zu verhandeln ist.Meine transdisziplinäre Herangehensweise im Sinn einer kritischen Repräsentationstheorie verbindet Ansätze strukturaler psychoanalytischer Theorie mit Ansätzen neuerer Hegemonie- bzw. Demokratietheorie sowie der Film- und Medientheorie, der Gender- und der Cultural Studies, um Perspektiven auf aktuelle Medienkonstellationen zu eröffnen, die sich jenseits technikdeterministischer oder kulturpessimistischer Einschätzungen bewegen.

Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780199683529 Year: Pages: 320 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Social Sciences --- Economics
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Agricultural input subsidies were a major feature of development policies in rural economies until the 1980s. Continuing rural poverty with low productivity and fertilizer use in smallholder staple crops has led to their resurgence in Africa. These subsidies are, however, controversial with claims of both large food security benefits and unsustainable, inefficient resource use. This book reviews current theory and evidence on the strengths and weaknesses of these programmes and the effects of programme context, design, and implementation. Theoretical arguments for agricultural subsidies are based on input promotion where farmers’ private costs (benefits) are higher (lower) than wider economic costs (benefits). These arguments, and concerns about inefficiency and diversion, are reviewed and extended to consider input affordability constraints and ‘smart’ rationing and targeting. Recent programmes in Africa have a variety of generally producer-focused objectives, with varied implementation and programme outcomes. Most pay little attention to consumer interests and potential contributions to wider growth. A detailed examination of Malawi’s controversial agricultural input subsidy programme follows. Drawing on a wide range of information sources, the political and agro-economic contexts of the programme are examined, with evidence on its implementation and impacts from 2005 to 2011. Positive impacts are recorded on beneficiaries’ production, incomes, food consumption, school enrolment, child health, and reduced need for earnings from undertaking casual labour for others. There is evidence of indirect economy-wide impacts, but this is not as strong as might be expected. Targeting and graduation are identified as critically important issues requiring continuing attention.

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