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Animal Metropolis: Histories of Human-Animal Relations in Urban Canada

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Book Series: Canadian History and Environment ISSN: 19253710 ISBN: 9781552388655 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 358 Language: English
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Anthropology --- Environmental Sciences --- History
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Animal Metropolis brings a Canadian perspective to the growing field of animal history, ranging across species and cities, from the beavers who engineered Stanley Park to the carthorses who shaped the city of Montreal. Some essays consider animals as spectacle: orca captivity in Vancouver, polar bear tourism in Churchill, Manitoba, fish on display in the Dominion Fisheries Museum, and the racialized memory of Jumbo the elephant in St. Thomas, Ontario. Others examine the bodily intimacies of shared urban spaces: the regulation of rabid dogs in Banff, the maternal politics of pure milk in Hamilton and the circulation of tetanus bacilli from horse to human in Toronto. Another considers the marginalization of women in Canada’s animal welfare movement. The authors collectively push forward from a historiography that features nonhuman animals as objects within human-centered inquiries to a historiography that considers the eclectic contacts, exchanges, and cohabitation of human and nonhuman animals. With contributions by: Kristoffer Archibald, Jason Colby, George Colpitts, Joanna Dean, Carla Hustak, Darcy Ingram, Sean Kheraj, William Knight, Sherry Olson, Rachel Poliquin, and Christabelle Sethna

"... mein Acker ist die Zeit": Aufsätze zur Umweltgeschichte

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ISBN: 9783941875999 Year: Pages: 502 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
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A collection of papers, articles, and essays written in the past decade by the well-known German environmental historian.

Die hier zusammengestellten Aufsätze verdanken sich letztlich sämtlich der langjährigen Bemühung des Autors, der Umweltgeschichte im Wissenschaftsbetrieb ihren Platz als fächerübergreifendes Gespräch zu sichern. Als Querschnitt durch seine umwelthistorischen Arbeiten der letzten Jahre dokumentieren sie einen Teil der Publikationstätigkeit des Autors. Sie hat naturgemäß ihren Schwerpunkt in biologischer Thematik, von hier aus thematisiert sie aber immer auch eine allgemein umwelthistorische Perspektive.

14th CIRIAF National Congress – Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development

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ISBN: 9783038420972 9783038420989 Year: Pages: X, 164 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
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3D Printing with Biomaterials - Towards a Sustainable and Circular Economy

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781614994855 9781614994862 Year: Pages: 86 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-486-2-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Business and Management --- Environmental Sciences
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"Additive manufacturing or 3D printing, manufacturing a product layer by layer, offers large design freedom and faster product development cycles, as well as low startup cost of production, on-demand production and local production. In principle, any product could be made by additive manufacturing. Even food and living organic cells can be printed. We can create, design and manufacture what we want at the location we want. 3D printing will create a revolution in manufacturing, a real paradigm change. 3D printing holds the promise to manufacture with less waste and energy. We can print metals, ceramics, sand, synthetic materials such as plastics, food or living cells. However, the production of plastics is nowadays based on fossil fuels. And that’s where we witness a paradigm change too. The production of these synthetic materials can be based also on biomaterials with biomass as feedstock. A wealth of new and innovative products are emerging when we combine these two paradigm changes: 3D printing and biomaterials. Moreover, the combination of 3D printing with biomaterials holds the promise to realize a truly sustainable and circular economy."

Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

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Book Series: British Academy Original Paperbacks ISBN: 9780197265536 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: The British Academy
Subject: Economics --- Environmental Sciences --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
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This book places tipping points in their scientific, economic, governmental, creative, and spiritual contexts. It seeks to offer a comprehensive set of interpretations on the meaning and application of tipping points. Its contribution focuses on the various characterisations and metaphors of tipping points, on the scope for anticipating their onset, the capacity for societal resilience in the face of their impending arrival, and for better ways of communicating and preparing societies, economies, and governments for accommodating them, and hence to turn them into responses which buffer and better human well-being. Above all, the possibility of preparing society for creative and benign ‘tips’ is a unifying theme. The conclusion is sombre but not without hope. Thresholds of profound change can combine earth system-based relatively abrupt shifts with human-caused alterations of these disturbed patterns which, coupled together, produce more rapid onsets and greater tensions and stresses for governments and economies, as well as socially unequal societies. There is still time to predict and address these thresholds but too much delay will make the task of accommodation very difficult to achieve with relevant-scale community support. There are many examples of adaptive resilience throughout the world. These should be identified, supported, and emulated according to cultural acceptance and emerging economic realities. But there is no guarantee that the necessary adjustments can be made in time, as emerging patterns of outlook and governance do not appear to be conducive to manage the very awkward transitions of appropriate response.

Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident

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ISBN: 9784431543275 9784431543282 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-54328-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Environmental Sciences --- Nuclear Physics --- Business and Management --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Manufactures
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Following the Fukushima nuclear accident, a large volume of monitoring data has been collected about the soil, air, dust, and seawater, along with data about an immense number of foods supplied to the market. Little is known, however, about the effect of radioactive fallout on agriculture, information about which is vital. Although more than 80% of the damaged area is related to agriculture, in situ information specifically for agriculture is scarce. This book provides data about the actual movement and accumulation of radioactivity in the ecological system—for example, whether debris deposited on mountains can be a cause of secondary contamination, under what conditions plants accumulate radioactive cesium in their edible parts, and how radioactivity is transferred from hay to milk. Because agriculture is so closely related to nature, many specialists with different areas of expertise must be involved in answering these questions. In the case of rice, researchers in rice cultivation as well as in soil, hydrology, and radioactivity measurement are working together to reveal the paths or accumulation of radioactivity in the field. For this purpose, the Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences of The University of Tokyo has diverse facilities available throughout Japan, including farmlands, forests, and meadowlands. Many academic staff members have formed groups to conduct on-site research, with more than 40 volunteers participating. This book presents the data collected from the only project being systematically carried out across Japan after the Fukushima accident.

Air Quality and Source Apportionment

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ISBN: 9783038422983 9783038422990 Year: Pages: XVI, 226 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
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Atmospheric particulate matter (PM) is known to have far-ranging impacts on human health through to climate forcing. The characterization of emission sources and the quantification of specific source impacts to PM concentrations significantly enhance our understanding of, and our ability to, eventually predicting the fate and transport of atmospheric PM and its associated impacts on humans and the environment. Recent advances in source apportionment applications have contributed unique combinations of chemical and numerical techniques for determining the contributions of specific sources, including diesel exhaust and biomass burning. These advances also identify and help characterize the contributions of previously uncharacterized sources. Numerical modeling has also enabled estimations of contributions of emission sources to atmospherically processed PM in urban and rural regions. Investigation into the emissions sources driving air quality is currently of concern across the globe. This Special Issue offers studies at the intersection of air quality and source apportionment for study areas in China, Germany, Iceland, Mexico, and the United States. Studies cover diverse methods for chemical characterization and modeling of the impact of different emission sources on air quality.

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Air Quality Integrated Assessment: A European Perspective

Authors: ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISSN: 2191-530X ISBN: 9783319333489 9783319333496 Year: Pages: 110 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-33349-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences
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This book reports on the results of an extended survey conducted across Europe within the framework of the APPRAISAL FP7 project to determine the extent to which an integrated assessment approach to air quality is being adopted, on the one hand, by regional and local authorities to develop air quality plans and, on the other, by researchers. Following a detailed analysis of the role and structure of the components of an integrated assessment study, the results of the survey are considered from a variety of perspectives. Above all, the book discusses the new light the survey sheds on emission abatement policies and measures planned at regional and local scales, and on their synergies/trade-offs with measures implemented at the national scale. Detailed consideration is given to the currently available modeling methodologies for identifying emission sources, assessing the effectiveness of emission reduction measures, and evaluating the impacts of emission abatement measures on human health. Current strengths and weaknesses revealed by the survey are explored, and the application of an integrated assessment tool in two case studies (in Brussels and Porto) is discussed. The book will appeal to all those interested in the use of integrated assessment in connection with the sources, effects and control of air pollution.

An Atlas on Global Water Cycle : Based on the IPCC AR4 Climate Models

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ISBN: 9781921536892 Year: Pages: 293 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences
License: ANU Press

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What do climate models predict for the rainfall where you live? What about evaporation or runoff? Should your local community consider constructing new dams or do the existing water storages appear adequate? What about the availability of water for irrigation farming? Do the predictions differ between different climate models or do all the models basically predict the same changes in water availability where you live?These are all simple questions but it is surprisingly hard for an individual, whether they be a farmer, water resources engineer, teacher or interested citizen, to answer them. As researchers active in the field we could not answer the questions either. In fact, we had never seen a compilation of the rainfall, evaporation and runoff predictions made by all the different climate models.The Atlas contains maps and tables that document model predictions contributed by international climate modelling groups to the 2007 4th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The predictions are made available here via the wonders of the internet and ongoing cooperation by the international climate modelling community who routinely archive their results.The maps and tables in the Atlas document rainfall, evaporation and runoff estimates for the 20th century along with predictions of the same quantities at the end of the 21st century. Whatever your interest, we hope you find the Atlas as helpful as we do.

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Rain --- Rainfall --- Water supply

Atmospheric Mercury

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ISBN: 9783038422907 9783038422914 Year: Pages: XVI, 290 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
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Mercury is a serious environmental toxin that is distributed globally by large-scale atmospheric circulations. The chapters in this book cover measurements of speciated atmospheric mercury, regional modeling, continental-scale distributions across the U.S. and Canada, large-scale distributions in the free troposphere, and changes in wet deposition across the U.S. The diverse topics give snap-shots of current research areas in atmospheric mercury and some insight into policy issues in Europe. Together, the work demonstrates the complexity of atmospheric mercury and provides aspects on measuring and modeling it. Much work is needed in the future to unravel the chemical forms of oxidized atmospheric mercury and how it is intertwined in global cycling of mercury. The complexities of this work are extremely challenging for emerging atmospheric chemists.

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