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Akademische Strenge und künstlerische Freiheit: Die Gemälde des 19. Jahrhunderts in der Kunstsammlung der Universität Göttingen

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ISBN: 9783863951023 Year: Pages: 353 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Visual Arts --- History of arts
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Die Kunstsammlung der Universität Göttingen ist vor allem für ihren Bestand an Niederländischer Kunst des 17. Jahrhunderts bekannt. Dass sie darüber hinaus auch eine Kollektion von Gemälden des 19. Jahrhunderts umfasst, die einige wirkliche Schätze enthält, gleicht einer Neuentdeckung. Diese Kollektion wird hier erstmals in einem eigenen Bestandskatalog vorgestellt. Obwohl es sich um eine eher kleine Sammlung handelt, erweist sich diese doch als erstaunlich repräsentativ, um das Kunstverständnis des 19. Jahrhunderts mit seinen wechselnden Prämissen sowie kunsttheoretischen und künstlerischen Auseinandersetzungen an konkreten Kunstwerken aufzuzeigen. Eine zentrale Rolle spielt dabei die Gattungstheorie: Die seit der Frühen Neuzeit vertretene Ausdifferenzierung der Malerei in profane und religiöse Historie, Genre, Landschaft, Stillleben, Tierstück und Porträt wurde über das gesamte 19. Jahrhundert hinweg kontrovers diskutiert, blieb aber als wertsetzendes System lange präsent. Der vorliegende, von Dozenten und Studierenden des Kunstgeschichtlichen Seminars der Universität Göttingen gemeinsam erarbeitete Bestandskatalog nutzt die Gattungstheorie als „roten Faden“, um eine historische Perspektive auf den Bestand der Gemälde des 19. Jahrhunderts in der Göttinger Universitätskunstsammlung anzubieten.

Album

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ISBN: 9783835311749 Year: Pages: 351 Seiten Language: de^English
Publisher: Wallstein Verlag
Subject: History of arts --- Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures
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The twenty-tow contributions in this transnational and interdisciplinary volume delve into the material, symbolic and aesthetic dimensions of the album format using approaches from the fields of cultural studies, literary studies and media studies. This Publication unites perspectives from English, American, German, Romance, Slavic, archive and film studies, history, art history, musicology and philosophy to explore this culturally significant ‚networking’ medium.The starting point for all of the contributions in the publication is the album format, which, with ist inscriptions and non-verbal semantics, can integrate, represent and symbolically reproduce all forms of media and culture. The volume’s main interest is the interconnectedness: The album has the innate abily to unify the most diverse subject areas. Representation, mobility, migration and memory, multiculturalism and the formation of communities, materiality and the culture of things, the discourse of friendship, family history, generational narratives, and transmedia experimentation in remolding genres and art forms all have a place in the album, as it can transform anything into one coherent aesthetic system.

Die zweiundzwanzig Beiträge des interdisziplinären und transnationalen Bandes erforschen die materielle, symbolische und ästhetische Dimension von Alben unter kultur-, literatur- und medienwissenschaftlichen Fragestellungen. Die Publikation vereinigt die Perspektiven aus Anglistik, Amerikanistik, Germanistik, Romanistik, Slawistik, Kunstgeschichte, Archivwesen, Filmwissenschat, Geschichtswissenschaft, Musikwissenschaft und Philosophie zu einer Auseinandersetzung mit einem Netzwerkmedium von hohem kultur-, literatur- und medienwissenschaftlichen Interesse.

Allemaal beestjes. Mortaliteit en morbiditeit in Vlaanderen, 18de-20ste eeuw

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Book Series: Historische Economie en Ecologie ISBN: 9789038209043 Year: Pages: 262 Language: Dutch
Publisher: Academia Press
Subject: Arts in general --- Sociology --- Social Sciences --- History of arts --- Performing Arts --- History
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This book treats the spectacular rise in life expectancy during the last three centuries. It is the first study to bring together both published and unpublished material about the history of the health of Belgian men and women and to analyze it critically. Isabelle Devos studies the mechanisms of the historic fall in the death rate in an original manner and answers the question why research on the causes of this decline has not progressed faster. While the discipline of historical demography orients the first part of her book, the discipline of historical epidemiology provides the perspective taken in the second part, in which the role of insects as spreaders of disease is explored. Essential in her study is the importance of local medical practitioners who already at the end of the Ancien Régime warned of the dangers present in the environment. Their ‘ecological’ thinking created a consciousness that was decisive for the further development of healthcare.

Art in Progress : A Philosophical Response to the End of the Avant-Garde

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ISBN: 9789053565858 Year: Pages: 181
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: History of arts --- Philosophy
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In this challenging and erudite philosophical essay, the author argues that in art, belief in progress is still relevant, if not essential. The radical freedoms of postmodernism have had a crippling effect on art - more than ever before, art is in danger of becoming meaningless. Art can only acquire meaning through context, and the concept of progress is ideal as the primary criterion for establishing that context. History of art can be seen as a process of constant accumulation. Works of art comment on each other, enriching each other's meanings. These complex interrelationships lead to progress in both the sensibility of the observer and the significance of the works of art.

Alles in de kunst is in beweging. Tegelijkertijd lijkt met het eind van de avantgarde de grote stilstand te zijn ingetreden. Het veelbesproken einde van de kunst en het postmodernisme roepen veel twijfels op. In dit helder geschreven betoog onderzoekt de auteur een begrip dat door de tot cliche geworden afschaffing van de Grote Verhalen onzichtbaar is geworden: het vooruitgangsidee. Hij laat zien hoe dat idee in de achttiende eeuw opkomt, allesbepalend is tijdens de avantgarde en met het eind van de avantgarde ten onder gaat. Maarten Doorman pleit voor een kritische herwaardering van vooruitgangsbegrippen om de als zorgeloosheid vermomde vrijblijvendheid van het postmodernisme het hoofd te bieden. Arthur Danto: The end of art does not entail that there has not been genuine progress in the philosophy of art. Maarten Doorman's challenging and valuable study contributes to that progress, whether or not progress in art itself remains, as he argues, a tenable idea.

Beatrijs de wereld in. Vertalingen en bewerkingen van het Middelnederlandse verhaal

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Book Series: Lage Landen Studies ISBN: 9789038221076 Year: Pages: 416 Language: Dutch
Publisher: Academia Press
Subject: Arts in general --- Social Sciences --- History of arts --- Languages and Literatures
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The research project Beatrijs Internationaal brought together about a hundred literary translators and researchers in the field of historical and modern Dutch literature, translation studies and related disciplines, from twenty different language areas. The participants immersed themselves in questions about the international circulation and reception of the famous Middle Dutch legend of Our Lady, from its origins to our own time. Almost a hundred adaptations and translations of the Beatrijs-story were found, and new discoveries are still being made. The case of Beatrijs brought about new theoretical discussions, cooperation and exchange in the field of Dutch Studies, as is demonstrated by this volume. By means of diverse approaches the authors show how a literary text from the relatively small geographical area of the Dutch language can circulate both inside and outside its linguistic borders in different periods. With their wide spectrum of research questions, methodological approaches and selections of material, the contributions are a reflection of the richness of international Dutch Studies in the 21st century. Inspired by translation, adaptation and reception studies, this volume helps us to answer the question which characteristics of a particular text make it a likely candidate for crossing linguistic, geophysical, historical, and other borders. This volume is a contribution to the historiography of the export and dissemination of Dutch literature.

Before the Museums Came. The Fine Arts in the Twin Cities

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ISBN: 9788376560052 Year: Pages: 126 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560052 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History of arts
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Before the Museums Came: A Social History of the Fine Arts in the Twin Cities gives an engaging portrayal of the fine arts scene of Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota in the United States, spanning from the appearance of the earliest artists in 1835 to the opening of the first permanent museum, the Minneapolis Institute of Arts in 1915. Readers will learn about the institutions and organizations that were created in support of the fine arts, the early art exhibitions and events, and the collectors, dealers and artists whose efforts made all of that come to fruition. The text – enriched and supplemented by reproductions of artworks, photographs of various personages, exhibition venues, studios, art galleries, catalogues, and ephemera – presents a clear understanding of the period and breaks new ground for future scholars to research.

Burn After Reading

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ISBN: 9780692204412 Year: Pages: 226 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures --- History of arts --- Education
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The essays, manifestos, rants, screeds, pleas, soliloquies, telegrams, broadsides, eulogies, songs, harangues, confessions, laments, and acts of poetic terrorism in these two volumes — which collectively form an academic “rave” — were culled, with some later additions, from roundtable sessions at the International Congress on Medieval Studies in 2012 and 2013, organized by postmedieval: a journal for medieval cultural studies and the BABEL Working Group (“Burn After Reading: Miniature Manifestos for a Post/medieval Studies,” “Fuck This: On Letting Go,” and “Fuck Me: On Never Letting Go”) and George Washington University’s Medieval and Early Modern Studies Institute (“The Future We Want: A Collaboration”), respectively. Gathering together a rowdy multiplicity of voices from within medieval and early modern studies, these two volumes seek to extend and intensify a conversation about how to shape premodern studies, and also the humanities, in the years ahead. Authors in both volumes, in various ways, lay claim to the act(s) of manifesting, and also anti-manifesting, as a collective endeavor that works on behalf of the future without laying any belligerent claims upon it, where we might craft new spaces for the University-at-large, which is also a University that wanders, that is never just somewhere, dwelling in the partitive — of a particular place — but rather, seeks to be everywhere, always on the move, pandemic, uncontainable, and always to-come, while also being present/between us (manifest). This is not a book, but a blueprint. It is also an ephemeral gathering in the present tense.

Doppelbegabung im Expressionismus - Zur Beziehung von Kunst und Literatur bei Oskar Kokoschka und Ludwig Meidner

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ISBN: 9783863951078 Year: Pages: 408 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- History of arts
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Double-talented artists were particularly numerous during the period of expressionism, which was characterized by political and radical social changes. The book presented offers informations about the artists’ motivations and focuses on two excellent examples of artistic double-talent - Oskar Kokoschka, the founder of drama expressionism and Ludwig Meidner, highly praised for his apocalyptic landscapes. The interdisciplinary comparison of paintings and graphics with the dramas, poems and prose texts written by the artists allows offers valuable insights into their entire expressionistic oevre and, at the same time, a closer understanding of the relationship between art and literature.

Der Expressionismus als Bewegung zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts erfasste Künstler, Literaten und Musiker gleichermaßen und legte wichtige Grundlagen für die Entwicklung der modernen Kunst. Außergewöhnlich hoch ist in dieser Zeit die Zahl doppelbegabter Künstler, die gedrängt vom Willen zu gesellschaftlichem Umbruch und inspiriert von neuesten Erkenntnissen aus Philosophie und Wissenschaft ihren expressiven und emotional aufgeladenen künstlerischen Ausdruck in verschiedenen Medien suchten. Untersuchungen zeitgenössischer Texte geben Aufschluss über die Voraussetzungen zum doppelbegabten Schaffen, das wie der historische Vergleich zeigt, nie zuvor in solcher Intensität stattgefunden hat. Hervorragende Beispiele expressionistischer Doppelbegabung sind Oskar Kokoschka – prominenter Künstler und „Begründer des Dramenexpressionismus“ – und Ludwig Meidner, der für seine apokalyptischen Landschaften einst hoch gerühmt wurde. Der Vergleich ihrer Gemälde und Grafiken mit ihren Dramen, Gedichten und Prosatexten erlaubt interessante, tiefergehende Einblicke in ihre Intentionen und die Bandbreite ihrer Themen. Zugleich ermöglicht der interdisziplinäre Ansatz ein eingehenderes Verständnis für ihr expressionistisches Gesamtoeuvre und die Bezüge zwischen Kunst und Literatur.

Die doppelte Aphrodite - alt und neu bei griechischen Kultbildern

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ISBN: 9783941875197 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: History of arts
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Since the 5th century b. c., archaistic figures were used as a pillar for the statues of Aphrodite and later sometimes also for other gods. The question of design and interpretation is topic of this work. The characteristics of gods were always shown in their body image and posture. To that effect Aphrodite was pictured in a casual and sensual way with a very feminine body shape. The archaistic pillar could be a way to show that nevertheless Aphrodite was a venerable goddess.

Ein altes Rätsel in den Diskussionen um die Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten klassischer Götterbilder ist die Frage nach dem Sinn der archaistischen Figuren, die seit dem späteren 5. Jahrhundert v. Chr. v. a. Aphrodite und später in geringerer Zahl auch anderen Göttern als Stützen dienten sowie die Deutung dieses Bildmotivs insgesamt. Die Bilder fügen sich in die klassische Darstellungsweise der Götter ein, bei der ihre Wirkungsweise und ihr Charakter durch ihr Körperbild und ihre Körperhaltung zum Ausdruck gebracht wurden. Aphroditewurde dementsprechend als möglichst lässig und sinnlich mit betont weiblichen Körperformen gezeigt. Die starke Veränderung des Körperbildes der Göttin in der klassischen Kunst legt die Möglichkeit nahe, in ihren Bildern darauf hinzuweisen, dass sie zugleich auch eine altehrwürdige Göttin mit langer Kulttradition war. Dies wurde symbolisch durch die Verbindung der zeitgenössischen Darstellung mit einem alten Bild in Gestalt eines archaistischen Stützidols ausgedrückt. Auch in der Realität lassen sich zahlreiche griechische Heiligtümer nachweisen, für die mehre mögliche Kultbilder aus unterschiedlichen Zeiten überliefert sind, die zugleich verschiedenen Bedürfnissen des Kultes gerecht wurden.

Dynamisch Inter(- en Trans)disciplinair TaalOnderzoek. De nieuwe taalwetenschappen

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ISBN: 9789038208642 9789038208640 Year: Pages: 344 Language: Dutch
Publisher: Academia Press
Subject: Arts in general --- History of arts --- Science (General) --- Linguistics
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Language research is currently in a state of flux. The phenomenon of language is not merely the topic of investigation in linguistics, it is examined by a multitude of scholars with different scientific backgrounds. In order to examine how these various disciplines approach language, a think-tank was founded in 2002, called DITO, Dynamisch Inter(-en trans)disciplinair onderzoek, or Dynamic Inter- (and trans)disciplinary Research. The think-tank is located at the Belgian Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Free University of Brussels). This book provides short introductory articles to the language research conducted by some of the think-tank’s most important members, from within the point of view of the following 5 disciplines: philosophy of evolutionary biology, cognitive science, neuroscience, sign language research and artificial intelligence.

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