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Subjects Agriculture and Food Sciences Agriculture (General)

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Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident

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ISBN: 9784431543275 9784431543282 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-54328-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Environmental Sciences --- Nuclear Physics --- Business and Management --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Manufactures
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Following the Fukushima nuclear accident, a large volume of monitoring data has been collected about the soil, air, dust, and seawater, along with data about an immense number of foods supplied to the market. Little is known, however, about the effect of radioactive fallout on agriculture, information about which is vital. Although more than 80% of the damaged area is related to agriculture, in situ information specifically for agriculture is scarce. This book provides data about the actual movement and accumulation of radioactivity in the ecological system—for example, whether debris deposited on mountains can be a cause of secondary contamination, under what conditions plants accumulate radioactive cesium in their edible parts, and how radioactivity is transferred from hay to milk. Because agriculture is so closely related to nature, many specialists with different areas of expertise must be involved in answering these questions. In the case of rice, researchers in rice cultivation as well as in soil, hydrology, and radioactivity measurement are working together to reveal the paths or accumulation of radioactivity in the field. For this purpose, the Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences of The University of Tokyo has diverse facilities available throughout Japan, including farmlands, forests, and meadowlands. Many academic staff members have formed groups to conduct on-site research, with more than 40 volunteers participating. This book presents the data collected from the only project being systematically carried out across Japan after the Fukushima accident.

Allgemeine Technologie : eine Systemtheorie der Technik

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ISBN: 9783866443747 Year: Pages: 363 Language: German
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General)
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Allgemeine Technologie, die Lehre von den grundlegenden Prinzipien der Technik, verbindet technik- und sozialwissenschaftliches Wissen mit philosophischen Überlegungen. Das Buch behandelt anhand zahlreicher Beispiele die vielfältigen Probleme und Facetten der Technisierung, in der sich menschliche Akteure und technische Artefakte zu soziotechnischen Systemen verbinden. Es analysiert die Bedingungen und Folgen der Technikverwendung ebenso wie die Verlaufsmuster der technischen Entwicklung.

Animal (De)liberation: Should the Consumption of Animal Products Be Banned?

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ISBN: 9781909188846 9781909188839 9781909188853 9781909188860 9781909188877 Year: Pages: 244 Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 104137
Subject: Public Health --- Agriculture (General) --- Law --- Animal Sciences --- Medicine (General) --- Philosophy
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"In this book, Jan Deckers addresses the most crucial question that people must deliberate in relation to how we should treat other animals: whether we should eat animal products.Many people object to the consumption of animal products from the conviction that it inflicts pain, suffering, and death upon animals. This book argues that a convincing ethical theory cannot be based on these important concerns: rather, it must focus on our interest in human health. Tending to this interest demands not only that we extend speciesism—the attribution of special significance to members of our own species merely because they belong to the same species as ourself—towards nonhuman animals, but also that we safeguard the integrity of nature.In this light, projects that aim to engineer the genetic material of animals to reduce their capacities to feel pain and to suffer are morally suspect. The same applies to projects that aim to develop in-vitro flesh, even if the production of such flesh should be welcomed on other grounds.The theory proposed in this book is accompanied by a political goal, the ‘vegan project’, which strives for a qualified ban on the consumption of animal products. Deckers also provides empirical evidence that some support for this goal exists already, and his analysis of the views of others—including those of slaughterhouse workers—reveals that the vegan project stands firm in spite of public opposition.Many charges have been pressed against vegan diets, including: that they alienate human beings from nature; that they increase human food security concerns; and that they are unsustainable. Deckers argues that these charges are legitimate in some cases, but that, in many situations, vegan diets are actually superior.For those who remain doubtful, the book also contains an appendix that considers whether vegan diets might actually be nutritionally adequate."

Beten, Impfen, Sammeln - Zur Viehseuchen- und Schädlingsbekämpfung in der Frühen Neuzeit Graduiertenkolleg Interdisziplinäre Umweltgeschichte

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783938616956 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Biology
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The collection covers the presentations held at the workshop on „Challenge: Securing Resources - Animal Diseases and Pest Control in the 18th and 19 Century“ held in Goettingen on 21 and 22 June 2006 by the graduate school „Interdisciplinary Environmental History, Natual Environment and Society in Central Europe“, which is funded by the German Research Foundation, and operative since July 1 2004 at the Georg-August University in Goettingen.

Das von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft geförderte Graduiertenkolleg „Interdisziplinäre Umweltgeschichte. Naturale Umwelt und gesellschaftliches Handeln in Mitteleuropa“ hat am 1. Juli 2004 an der Georg-August-Universität in Göttingen seine Arbeit aufgenommen. Im Interesse forschungsorientierter Interdisziplinarität gruppiert sich das Studienprogramm des Graduiertenkollegs um eine Reihe von Workshops mit deutschen und internationalen Vertretern umweltgeschichtlicher Disziplinen. Der vorliegende Band ist das Ergebnis eines Workshops, welchen die HerausgeberInnen am 21. und 22. Juni 2006 in Göttingen unter dem Titel: „Herausforderung Ressourcensicherung – Zur Viehseuchen- und Schädlingsbekämpfung im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert“ veranstalteten. WissenschaftlerInnen aus Dänemark, Deutschland, Kanada, Österreich, der Schweiz und den USA waren eingeladen worden, in diesem Kontext unterschiedliche Aspekte des Mensch-Natur-Verhältnisses zu erörtern. Der Workshop hatte das Ziel, durch die Verknüpfung verschiedener geschichtswissenschaftlicher Ansätze neue Perspektiven auf die Geschichte der Wahrnehmung und Bekämpfung von Schädlingen und Tierseuchen in der frühen Neuzeit zu eröffnen. Dieser Tagungsband enthält ausgewählte Beiträge des Workshops, welche besonders die Wechselwirkungen zwischen Ökonomie, Umwelt und Gesellschaft in Krisenzeiten analysieren.

Building a Sustainable and Desirable Economy-in-Society-in-Nature : Report to the United Nations for the 2012 Rio+20 Conference

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: - ISBN: 9781921862045 9781921862052 Year: Volume: - Pages: - Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General)
License: ANU Press

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The world has changed dramatically. We no longer live in a world relatively empty of humans and their artifacts. We now live in the “Anthropocene,” era in a full world where humans are dramatically altering our ecological life-support system. Our traditional economic concepts and models were developed in an empty world. If we are to create sustainable prosperity, if we seek “improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities,” we are going to need a new vision of the economy and its relationship to the rest of the world that is better adapted to the new conditions we face. We are going to need an economics that respects planetary boundaries, that recognizes the dependence of human well-being on social relations and fairness, and that recognizes that the ultimate goal is real, sustainable human well-being, not merely growth of material consumption. This new economics recognizes that the economy is embedded in a society and culture that are themselves embedded in an ecological life-support system, and that the economy cannot grow forever on this finite planet.In this report, we discuss the need to focus more directly on the goal of sustainable human well-being rather than merely GDP growth. This includes protecting and restoring nature, achieving social and intergenerational fairness (including poverty alleviation), stabilizing population, and recognizing the significant nonmarket contributions to human well-being from natural and social capital. To do this, we need to develop better measures of progress that go well beyond GDP and begin to measure human well-being and its sustainability more directly.

Changing Land Use, Changing Livelihoods: Smallholders Today

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038423430 9783038423423 Year: Pages: VIII, 242 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Business and Management --- Agriculture (General)
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This book brings together eleven works by scholars within and beyond geography, to argue the case for a continued engagement with smallholder agricultural studies. The research detailed is largely empirical and draws on a wide spectrum of mixed qualitative and quantitative methodologies. The case studies cover a range of geographic locations, including Brazil, Burkina Faso, South Africa, Botswana, Malawi, Madagascar, Vietnam, and the USA, with greatest emphasis in sub-Saharan Africa. Key themes that emerge include the structural and relative nature of "smallholder" as a category, the dynamic reality of smallholder livelihoods, the importance of smallholder farming and land-use practices to questions of environmental sustainability, and the challenges of vulnerability and adaptation in contemporary human–environment systems. Overall these studies show that smallholder studies are more pertinent than ever, especially in the face of finite resources and global environmental change.

eGirls, eCitizens : Putting Technology, Theory and Policy into Dialogue with Girls’ and Young Women’s Voices

Authors: ---
Book Series: Law, Technology and Media ISBN: 9780776622590 9780776622576 Year: Pages: 518 Language: English
Publisher: University of Ottawa Press / Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa
Subject: Sociology --- Agriculture (General)
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eGirls, eCitizens is a landmark work that explores the many forces that shape girls’ and young women’s experiences of privacy, identity, and equality in our digitally networked society. Drawing on the multi-disciplinary expertise of a remarkable team of leading Canadian and international scholars, as well as Canada’s foremost digital literacy organization, MediaSmarts, this collection presents the complex realities of digitized communications for girls and young women as revealed through the findings of The eGirls Project (www.egirlsproject.ca) and other important research initiatives.Aimed at moving dialogues on scholarship and policy around girls and technology away from established binaries of good vs bad, or risk vs opportunity, these seminal contributions explore the interplay of factors that shape online environments characterized by a gendered gaze and too often punctuated by sexualized violence.Perhaps most importantly, this collection offers first-hand perspectives collected from girls and young women themselves, providing a unique window on what it is to be a girl in today’s digitized society.

Erfolgsfaktoren für die Beteiligung forstlicher Akteure an der integrierten ländlichen Entwicklung - das Beispiel LEADER+ Programm der EU-Strukturpolitik

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ISBN: 9783940344328 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Forestry --- Agriculture (General)
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The European Union underlines the growing importance of integrated rural development (ILE). Maximilian Ortner shows how forestry can successfully participate in this development. Forest model projects for drinking water, wood mobilization, increase in sales of wood, energy out of wood, forest preservation or airport environmental education are analyzed as examples of acts of the forestry practice in the context of integrated rural development. The examples are based on the state forests, local forest, private forest owners and the Chamber of Agriculture. About the identified success factors inform a "checklist" with the chance of success of specific projects can be assessed quickly.

Die Europäische Union betont die steigende Bedeutung der integrierten ländlichen Entwicklung (ILE). Maximilian Ortner zeigt, wie die Forstwirtschaft an dieser Entwicklung erfolgreich teilnehmen kann. Forstliche Musterprojekte für Trinkwasserwald, Holzmobilisierung, Holzabsatzsteigerung, Energiewald, Flughafenschutzwald oder Umweltbildung werden als Beispiele für aktives Handeln der Forstpraxis im Rahmen der integrierten ländlichen Entwicklung analysiert. Die Beispiele beziehen sich auf den Staatswald, den Kommunalwald, private Waldbesitzer sowie die Landwirtschaftskammer. Über die ermittelten Erfolgsfaktoren informiert eine „Checkliste“ mit der die Erfolgschancen von konkreten Vorhaben rasch beurteilt werden können.

European Handbook of Crowdsourced Geographic Information

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ISBN: 9781909188792 9781909188808 9781909188815 9781909188822 Year: Pages: 474 Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Geography --- Agriculture (General) --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
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"This book focuses on the study of the remarkable new source of geographic information that has become available in the form of user-generated content accessible over the Internet through mobile and Web applications. The exploitation, integration and application of these sources, termed volunteered geographic information (VGI) or crowdsourced geographic information (CGI), offer scientists an unprecedented opportunity to conduct research on a variety of topics at multiple scales and for diversified objectives.The Handbook is organized in five parts, addressing the fundamental questions: What motivates citizens to provide such information in the public domain, and what factors govern/predict its validity?What methods might be used to validate such information? Can VGI be framed within the larger domain of sensor networks, in which inert and static sensors are replaced or combined by intelligent and mobile humans equipped with sensing devices? What limitations are imposed on VGI by differential access to broadband Internet, mobile phones, and other communication technologies, and by concerns over privacy? How do VGI and crowdsourcing enable innovation applications to benefit human society?Chapters examine how crowdsourcing techniques and methods, and the VGI phenomenon, have motivated a multidisciplinary research community to identify both fields of applications and quality criteria depending on the use of VGI. Besides harvesting tools and storage of these data, research has paid remarkable attention to these information resources, in an age when information and participation is one of the most important drivers of development.The collection opens questions and points to new research directions in addition to the findings that each of the authors demonstrates. Despite rapid progress in VGI research, this Handbook also shows that there are technical, social, political and methodological challenges that require further studies and research."

Fabricate

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ISBN: 9781787350014 Year: Pages: 304 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Arts in general --- Architecture
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Bringing together pioneers in design and making within architecture, construction, engineering, manufacturing, materials technology and computation, Fabricate is a triennial international conference, now in its third year (ICD, University of Stuttgart, April 2017). Each year it produces a supporting publication, to date the only one of its kind specialising in Digital Fabrication. The 2017 edition features 32 illustrated articles on built projects and works in progress from academia and practice, including contributions from leading practices such as Foster + Partners, Zaha Hadid Architects, Arup, and Ron Arad, and from world-renowned institutions including ICD Stuttgart, Harvard, Yale, MIT, Princeton University, The Bartlett School of Architecture (UCL) and the Architectural Association.

Keywords

Design --- Architecture --- Bartlett --- Technology

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