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Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident: The First Three Years

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9784431558262 9784431558286 Year: Pages: 263 DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-55828-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Technology
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This book reports the results from on-site research into radioactive cesium contamination in various agricultural systems affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident that occurred in March 2011. This is the second volume from the research groups formed in the Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences of The University of Tokyo who have published the initial data in their first volume. In this book, additional data collected in the subsequent years are presented to show how the radioactivity level in agricultural products and their growing environments have changed with time. The data clarify the route by which radioactive materials entered agricultural products and their movement among different components (e.g., soil, water, and trees) within an environmental system (e.g., forests). The book consists of various topics, including radioactivity inspection of food products; decontamination trials for rice and livestock production; the state of contamination in wild animals and birds, trees, mushrooms, and timber; the dynamics of radioactivity distribution in mountain and paddy fields; damage incurred by the forestry and fishery industries; and the change in consumers’ minds. The last chapter introduces a real-time radioisotope imaging system, the forefront technique to visualize actual movement of cesium in soil and in plants. This is the only book to provide systematic data about the actual change of radioactivity, and thus is of great value for all researchers who wish to understand the effect of radioactive fallout on agriculture. The project is ongoing; the research groups continue their work in the field for further evaluation of the long-term effects.

CleanEra – A Collection of Research Projects for Sustainable Aviation

Authors:
ISBN: 9781614995906 9781614995913 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-591-3-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Transportation --- Environmental Technology
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"The CleanEra project was initiated with the goal of developing revolutionary ideas for civil aviation. These ideas were to offer solutions which would limit and reduce some of the negative aspects of aviation, namely: emissions and the use of resources. This book presents you with the highlights of this journey in search of new technologies for a revolutionary aircraft; an aircraft that not only offers a future of comfortable air travel for the passenger, but a future of sustainable aviation for the planet as well."

Environmental Governance in Latin America

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781137574084 9781137505729 Year: Pages: 338 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-137-50572-9 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Environmental Technology
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This book is open access under a CC-BY license. The contributors investigate a broad range of emerging socio-environmental challenges faced by contemporary Latin America. By using environmental governance as an overarching analytical concept, they cross territorial, sectorial, and institutional boundaries to address the nature/society nexus.

Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: MARE Publication Series ISSN: 2212-6260 ISBN: ISBN: 9783319270050 (Print) 9783319270067 (Online) Year: Volume: 10 Pages: 253 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-27006-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Technology
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This edited volume presents a comprehensive and coherent interdisciplinary analysis of challenges and possibilities for sustainable governance of the Baltic Sea ecosystem by combining knowledge and approaches from natural and social sciences. Focusing on the Ecosystem Approach to Management (EAM) and associated multi-level, multi-sector and multi-actor challenges, the book provides up-to-date descriptions and analyses of environmental governance structures and processes at the macro-regional Baltic Sea level. Organised in two parts, Part 1 presents in-depth case studies of environmental governance practices and challenges linked to five key environmental problems - eutrophication, chemical pollution, overfishing, oil discharges and invasive species. Part 2 analyses and compares governance challenges and opportunities across the five case studies, focusing on governance structures and EAM implementation, knowledge integration and science support, as well as stakeholder communication and participation. Based on these cross-case comparisons, this book also draws a set of general conclusions on possible ways of improving the governance of the Baltic Sea by promoting what are identified as vital functions of environmental governance: coordination, integration, interdisciplinarity, precaution, deliberation, communication and adaptability.

Faecal Sludge Management Systems

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ISBN: 9781780404738 Year: Pages: 432 Language: English
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Subject: Environmental Technology
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"It is estimated that literally billions of residents in urban and peri-urban areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin America are served by onsite sanitation systems (e.g. various types of latrines and septic tanks). Until recently, the management of faecal sludge from these onsite systems has been grossly neglected, partially as a result of them being considered temporary solutions until sewer-based systems could be implemented. However, the perception of onsite or decentralized sanitation technologies for urban areas is gradually changing, and is increasingly being considered as long-term, sustainable options in urban areas, especially in low- and middle-income countries that lack sewer infrastructures. This is the first book dedicated to faecal sludge management. It compiles the current state of knowledge of the rapidly evolving field of faecal sludge management, and presents an integrated approach that includes technology, management, and planning based on Sandecs 20 years of experience in the field. Faecal Sludge Management: Systems Approach for Implementation and Operation addresses the organization of the entire faecal sludge management service chain, from the collection and transport of sludge, and the current state of knowledge of treatment options, to the final end use or disposal of treated sludge. The book also presents important factors to consider when evaluating and upscaling new treatment technology options. The book is designed for undergraduate and graduate students, and engineers and practitioners in the field who have some basic knowledge of environmental and/or wastewater engineering."

Keywords

wastewater --- reuse --- sludge

Governance for Drought Resilience: Land and Water Drought Management in Europe

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319296692 9783319296715 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-29671-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Technology --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Biotechnology --- Manufactures --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Environmental Sciences
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This book presents the findings of a team of scientists and practitioners who have been working on the project “Benefits of Governance in Drought Adaptation” (in short: the DROP project), which is included in the European Union’s INTERREG IVB NWE programme. The DROP governance team developed a Governance Assessment Tool (GAT), which allows the governance setting of a given region for planning and realizing drought adaptation measures to be assessed. Based on this assessment, recommendations can be developed for regional water authorities concerning how to operate most effectively towards increased drought resilience in this context. The GAT has been applied to six regions in Northwest Europe: Twente and Salland in the Netherlands, Eifel-Ruhr in Germany, Brittany in France, Somerset in the United Kingdom, and Flanders in Belgium. These regions are subject to drought aspects related to nature, agriculture and freshwater. This book will aid regional water authorities and other relevant stakeholders interested in governance assessment, whether that context is about water, more specifically about drought or flooding events, or other environmental issues. Further, the GAT can and has also been applied more broadly to a range of governance contexts for water management and beyond.

Grünes Band - Modellregion für Nachhaltigkeit - Abschlussbericht des Forschungsvorhabens

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Bund und Länder engagieren sich seit der deutschen Wiedervereinigung für die Bewahrung des ökologischen Potenzials am „Grünen Band“, der ehemaligen innerdeutschen Grenze. Im Rahmen von Erprobungs- und Entwicklungsvorhaben sowie Naturschutzgroßprojekten setzt sich das Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsichrheit (BMU), für den Erhalt, die Pflege und Entwicklung großräumiger Landschaftsräume am Grünen Band ein. Die Verknüpfung der Naturschutzziele mit regionaler Nachhaltigkeit gewinnt für deren dauerhafte Verankerung vor Ort zunehmend an Bedeutung. Die bislang unzureichend erfassten Wirkungen der Naturschutzförderung auf die Entwicklung der Regionen waren Anlass für das BMBF-Forschungsvorhaben „Grünes Band — Modellregion für Nachhaltigkeit“ (2007—2010). Regionalwissenschaftler der Hochschule für angewandte Wissenschaft und Kunst (HAWK) untersuchten im interdisziplinären Verbund mit Wirtschaftswissenschaftlern der Universität Göttingen am Beispiel von vier Regionen die Wirkung der Bundesförderung auf die regionale Nachhaltigkeit. Der vorliegende Bericht präsentiert die disziplinären und interdisziplinären Ergebnisse sowie die jeweiligen und gemeinsam erarbeiteten Handlungsempfehlungen für Fördermittelgeber und –empfänger.

Bund und Länder engagieren sich seit der deutschen Wiedervereinigung für die Bewahrung des ökologischen Potenzials am „Grünen Band“, der ehemaligen innerdeutschen Grenze. Im Rahmen von Erprobungs- und Entwicklungsvorhaben sowie Naturschutzgroßprojekten setzt sich das Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsichrheit (BMU), für den Erhalt, die Pflege und Entwicklung großräumiger Landschaftsräume am Grünen Band ein. Die Verknüpfung der Naturschutzziele mit regionaler Nachhaltigkeit gewinnt für deren dauerhafte Verankerung vor Ort zunehmend an Bedeutung. Die bislang unzureichend erfassten Wirkungen der Naturschutzförderung auf die Entwicklung der Regionen waren Anlass für das BMBF-Forschungsvorhaben „Grünes Band — Modellregion für Nachhaltigkeit“ (2007—2010). Regionalwissenschaftler der Hochschule für angewandte Wissenschaft und Kunst (HAWK) untersuchten im interdisziplinären Verbund mit Wirtschaftswissenschaftlern der Universität Göttingen am Beispiel von vier Regionen die Wirkung der Bundesförderung auf die regionale Nachhaltigkeit. Der vorliegende Bericht präsentiert die disziplinären und interdisziplinären Ergebnisse sowie die jeweiligen und gemeinsam erarbeiteten Handlungsempfehlungen für Fördermittelgeber und –empfänger.

Keywords

Environment --- Environment

History of Water Supply and Governance in Kenya (1895-2005) Lessons and Futures

Authors:
ISBN: 9789520300593 9789520300609 Year: Pages: 618 Language: English
Publisher: Tampere University Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Environmental Technology --- History
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This book on the History of Water Development in Kenya transverses through a matrix of infrastructural development, administration, policy, legal and legislation framework, and evolution of various water supply technologies in an inimitably comprehensive approach. The book has carefully constructed the development over one century timeline of water supply and provided the future prediction of the services.The book is a quest to track and understand the origin, the development and sustainability of water supplies within 100 years of its 1st water supply constructed by the railways as the pioneer of water supply in Kenya. It interrogates how the water legislations, policies and administration came to be and what the drivers of water supplies were, when the 1st water reforms mounted and the status of the reform implementation. It elucidates on the role of development partners in influencing the choice of technology, policy and legislative framework.Preparation of this book took fifteen years of passionate research from Kenya National Archives; Kenya Railways; Ministry of Water Development; Colonial archival materials at Rhodes House, Oxford, UK; and the British Institute in Eastern Africa. The research findings have been disseminated in several peer reviewed journals; and several presentations in local, regional and international conferences.Eng Ezekiel Nyangeri Nyanchaga is an Associate Professor, Department of Civil and Construction Engineering, University of Nairobi, Doctor of Technology holder in Civil Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Finland.Professor Nyangeri is a licensed and practicing consulting engineer with over 35 years of professional experience and over 28 years of academic teaching experience at the University of Nairobi, Kenya.

Keywords

History --- Kenya --- Water Supply

Integrated Groundwater Management

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: ISBN: 9783319235752 (Print) 9783319235769 (Online) Year: Pages: 762 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-23576-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Technology
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The aim of this book is to document for the first time the dimensions and requirements of effective integrated groundwater management (IGM). Groundwater management is a formidable challenge, one that remains one of humanity’s foremost priorities. It has become a largely non-renewable resource that is overexploited in many parts of the world. In the 21st century, the issue moves from how to simply obtain the water we need to how we manage it sustainably for future generations, future economies, and future ecosystems. The focus then becomes one of understanding the drivers and current state of the groundwater resource, and restoring equilibrium to at-risk aquifers. Many interrelated dimensions, however, come to bear when trying to manage groundwater effectively. An integrated approach to groundwater necessarily involves many factors beyond the aquifer itself, such as surface water, water use, water quality, and ecohydrology. Moreover, the science by itself can only define the fundamental bounds of what is possible; effective IGM must also engage the wider community of stakeholders to develop and support policy and other socioeconomic tools needed to realize effective IGM. In order to demonstrate IGM, this book covers theory and principles, embracing: 1) an overview of the dimensions and requirements of groundwater management from an international perspective; 2) the scale of groundwater issues internationally and its links with other sectors, principally energy and climate change; 3) groundwater governance with regard to principles, instruments and institutions available for IGM; 4) biophysical constraints and the capacity and role of hydroecological and hydrogeological science including water quality concerns; and 5) necessary tools including models, data infrastructures, decision support systems and the management of uncertainty. Examples of effective, and failed, IGM are given. Throughout, the importance of the socioeconomic context that connects all effective IGM is emphasized. Taken as a whole, this work relates the many facets of effective IGM, from the catchment to global perspective.

Leak Detection: Technology and Implementation

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781780404714 Year: Pages: 112 Language: English
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Subject: Environmental Technology
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Ageing infrastructure and declining water resources are major concerns with a growing global population.  Controlling water loss has therefore become a priority for water utilities around the world. In order to improve efficiencies, water utilities need to apply good practices in leak detection. Leak Detection: Technology and Implementation assists water utilities with the development and implementation of leak detection programs. Leak detection and repair is one of the components of controlling water loss.  In addition, techniques are discussed within this book and relevant case studies are presented. This book provides useful and practical information on leakage issues.

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