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Agile Processes, in Software Engineering, and Extreme Programming: 17th International Conference, XP 2016, Edinburgh, UK, May 24-27, 2016, Proceedings

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing ISSN: 1865-1348 ISBN: 9783319335148 9783319335155 Year: Volume: 251 Pages: 334 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-33515-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- General and Civil Engineering
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This book contains the refereed proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Agile Software Development, XP 2016, held in Edinburgh, UK, in May 2016. While agile development has already become mainstream in industry, this field is still constantly evolving and continues to spur an enormous interest both in industry and academia. To this end, the XP conference attracts a large number of software practitioners and researchers, providing a rare opportunity for interaction between the two communities. The 14 full papers accepted for XP 2016 were selected from 42 submissions. Additionally, 11 experience reports (from 25 submissions) 5 empirical studies (out of 12 submitted) and 5 doctoral papers (from 6 papers submitted) were selected, and in each case the authors were shepherded by an experienced researcher. Generally, all of the submitted papers went through a rigorous peer-review process.

Anti-fragile ICT Systems

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Book Series: Simula SpringerBriefs on Computing ISBN: 9783319300689 9783319300702 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 151 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30070-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Transportation --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Media and communication --- Manufactures --- General and Civil Engineering
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This book introduces a novel approach to the design and operation of large ICT systems. It views the technical solutions and their stakeholders as complex adaptive systems and argues that traditional risk analyses cannot predict all future incidents with major impacts. To avoid unacceptable events, it is necessary to establish and operate anti-fragile ICT systems that limit the impact of all incidents, and which learn from small-impact incidents how to function increasingly well in changing environments. The book applies four design principles and one operational principle to achieve anti-fragility for different classes of incidents. It discusses how systems can achieve high availability, prevent malware epidemics, and detect anomalies. Analyses of Netflix’s media streaming solution, Norwegian telecom infrastructures, e-government platforms, and Numenta’s anomaly detection software show that cloud computing is essential to achieving anti-fragility for classes of events with negative impacts.

Audio Signal Processing

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ISBN: 9783038423515 9783038423508 Year: Pages: Pages: X, 436 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Acoustics --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
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Audio signal processing is a highly active research field where digital signal processing theory meets human sound perception and real-time programming requirements. It has a wide range of applications in computers, gaming, and music technology, to name a few of the largest areas. Successful applications include, for example, perceptual audio coding, digital music synthesizers, and music recognition software. The fact that music is now often listened to using headphones from a mobile device leads to new problems related to background noise control and signal enhancement. Developments in processor technology, such as parallel computing, are changing the way signal-processing algorithms are designed for audio. Topics covered, but were not limited to, the following areas: - Audio signal analysis - Music information retrieval - Enhancement and restoration of audio - Audio equalization and filtering - Audio effects processing - Sound synthesis and modeling - Audio coding - Sound capture and noise control - Sound source separation - Room acoustics and spatial audio - Signal processing for headphones and loudspeakers - High-performance computing in audio

Auf dem Weg zur Energiewende - die Entwicklung der Stromproduktion aus erneuerbaren Energien in Deutschland ; eine Studie aus dem Soziologischen Forschungsinstitut Göttingen (SOFI)

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ISBN: 9783938616987 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Sociology --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Social Sciences
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Electricity generation from renewable sources of energy has had a long history in Germany and is highly topical. This paper deals with both aspects. A sociological analysis of technology shows how innovative technologies gradually emerged from the Utopian vision of 'velvet' energies, which became the basis of the rapidly growing regenerative electricity production. The second aspect of the paper is an analysis of the growing potential - as well as possible obstacles - of regenerative energies. The expansion of energy production from renewable sources and the tendency towards the concentration of such installations (e.g. large wind farms or solar parks) is increasingly met with opposition from the public. In addition, it is felt that considerable changes in the energy sector can only be successful if its promoters become more active.

Die Stromproduktion aus erneuerbaren Energien in Deutschland hat sowohl eine Jahrzehnte lange Geschichte als auch hohe Aktualität. Die vorliegende Untersuchung greift beide Aspekte auf. Zum einen wird im Rahmen einer soziologischen Technikanalyse herausgearbeitet, wie aus der utopischen Vision „sanfter“ Energien allmählich sich verfestigende und politisch geförderte Innovations- und Technikpfade hervorgingen und zur Grundlage des gegenwärtig rapide wachsenden regenerativen Stromsektors wurden. Zum anderen liegt der Schwerpunkt der Studie auf der Analyse aktueller Entwicklungspotenziale der erneuerbaren Energien sowie möglicher Hemmnisse und ambivalenter Folgen ihrer Expansion. So führen die zunehmende Verbreitung regenerativer Stromproduktion sowie die Tendenz zur Zentralisierung bestimmter Erzeugungstechniken (zum Beispiel große Wind- oder Solarparks) nicht selten zu Widerständen in der Bevölkerung sowie zu Kontroversen innerhalb des ökologischen Lagers. Darüber hinaus zeichnet sich ab, dass der durch die Expansion der erneuerbaren Energien eingeleitete Transformationsprozess des deutschen Stromsektors nur dann erfolgreich weitergeführt werden kann, wenn die Akteure der Regenerativbranche mehr als bisher aktiv zur Netz- und Systemeinbindung erneuerbarer Stromquellen beitragen.

Autonomes Fahren: Technische, rechtliche und gesellschaftliche Aspekte

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Ist das voll automatisierte, autonom fahrende Auto zum Greifen nah? Testfahrzeuge und Zulassungen in den USA erwecken diesen Eindruck, werfen aber gleichzeitig viele neue Fragestellungen auf. Wie werden autonome Fahrzeuge in das aktuelle Verkehrssystem integriert? Wie erfolgt ihre rechtliche Einbettung? Welche Risiken bestehen und wie wird mit diesen umgegangen? Und welche Akzeptanz seitens der Gesellschaft sowie des Marktes kann hinsichtlich dieser Entwicklungen überhaupt erwartet werden? Das vorliegende Buch gibt Antworten auf ein breites Spektrum dieser und weiterer Fragen. Expertinnen und Experten aus Deutschland und den USA beschreiben aus ingenieur- und gesellschaftswissenschaftlicher Sicht zentrale Themen im Zusammenhang mit der Automatisierung von Fahrzeugen im öffentlichen Straßenverkehr. Sie zeigen auf, welche „Entscheidungen“ einem autonomen Fahrzeug abverlangt werden beziehungsweise welche „Ethik“ programmiert werden muss. Die Autorinnen und Autoren diskutieren Erwartungen und Bedenken, die die individuelle wie auch die gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz des autonomen Fahrens kennzeichnen. Ein durch autonome Fahrzeuge erhöhtes Sicherheitspotenzial wird den Herausforderungen und Lösungsansätzen, die bei der Absicherung des Sicherheitskonzeptes eine Rolle spielen, gegenübergestellt. Zudem erläutern sie, welche Veränderungsmöglichkeiten und Chancen sich für unsere Mobilität und die Neuorganisation des Verkehrsgeschehens ergeben, nicht zuletzt auch für den Güterverkehr. Das Buch bietet somit eine aktuelle, umfassende und wissenschaftlich fundierte Auseinandersetzung mit dem Thema „Autonomes Fahren“.

Barents Sea oil and gas 2025 : Three scenarios (Book chapter)

Book title: International Arctic Petroleum Cooperation: Barents Sea Scenarios

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781138783263 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
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What are some of the possible futures for Barents Sea oil and gas? This chapterdraws upon the key trends and issues covered by the book’s thematic chaptersand presents three scenarios on the prospects for Norwegian–Russiancooperation in the Barents Sea. Ultimately human interaction will play a largepart in how the Barents Sea is developed, and we have therefore given the scenariosmetaphorical titles related to interaction between people.

Bisociative Knowledge Discovery: An Introduction to Concept, Algorithms, Tools, and Applications

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 0302-9743 ISBN: 9783642318290 9783642318306 Year: Volume: 7250 Pages: 485 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-31830-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Information theory --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Chemical Engineering --- Biotechnology --- Business and Management --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Media and communication --- Manufactures
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Modern knowledge discovery methods enable users to discover complex patterns of various types in large information repositories. However, the underlying assumption has always been that the data to which the methods are applied to originates from one domain. The focus of this book, and the BISON project from which the contributions are originating, is a network based integration of various types of data repositories and the development of new ways to analyse and explore the resulting gigantic information networks. Instead of finding well defined global or local patterns they wanted to find domain bridging associations which are, by definition, not well defined since they will be especially interesting if they are sparse and have not been encountered before. The 32 contributions presented in this state-of-the-art volume together with a detailed introduction to the book are organized in topical sections on bisociation; representation and network creation; network analysis; exploration; and applications and evaluation.

Computer and Information Sciences: 31st International Symposium, ISCIS 2016, Kraków, Poland, October 27–28, 2016, Proceedings

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Communications in Computer and Information Science ISSN: 1865-0929 ISBN: 9783319472164 9783319472171 Year: Volume: 659 Pages: 278 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-47217-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Therapeutics --- Transportation --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Biotechnology --- Business and Management --- Manufactures
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 31st International Symposium on Computer and Information Sciences, ISCIS 2016, held in Krakow, Poland, in October 2016. The 29 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 65 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on smart algorithms; data classification and processing; stochastic modelling; performance evaluation; queuing systems; wireless networks and security; image processing and computer vision.

Computing Characterizations of Drugs for Ion Channels and Receptors Using Markov Models

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering ISSN: 1439-7358 ISBN: 9783319300290 9783319300306 Year: Volume: 111 Pages: 261 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30030-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Internal medicine --- Biotechnology --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Business and Management --- Computer Science --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- General and Civil Engineering --- Therapeutics
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Flow of ions through voltage gated channels can be represented theoretically using stochastic differential equations where the gating mechanism is represented by a Markov model. The flow through a channel can be manipulated using various drugs, and the effect of a given drug can be reflected by changing the Markov model. These lecture notes provide an accessible introduction to the mathematical methods needed to deal with these models. They emphasize the use of numerical methods and provide sufficient details for the reader to implement the models and thereby study the effect of various drugs. Examples in the text include stochastic calcium release from internal storage systems in cells, as well as stochastic models of the transmembrane potential. Well known Markov models are studied and a systematic approach to including the effect of mutations is presented. Lastly, the book shows how to derive the optimal properties of a theoretical model of a drug for a given mutation defined in terms of a Markov model.

Corporate Data Quality: Voraussetzung erfolgreicher Geschäftsmodelle

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783662468050 9783662468067 Year: Pages: 205 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-46806-7 Language: Deutsch
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Transportation --- Biotechnology --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Manufactures
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Daten sind die strategische Ressource des 21. Jahrhunderts. Es findet kein Geschäftsprozess, keine Kommunikation zwischen Geschäftspartnern, keine Wertschöpfung statt, ohne dass die involvierten Personen, Maschinen und IT-Systeme Daten nutzen, erzeugen oder verändern. Trends wie die Digitalisierung, Industrie 4.0 und Social Media tragen ebenfalls dazu bei, dass Datenmanagement zu einer Kernkompetenz für erfolgreiche Unternehmen dieser Zeit geworden ist. Damit Daten ihren ganzen Wert entfalten können, müssen sie stets in angemessener Qualität zur Verfügung stehen. Dies gilt besonders für Stammdaten, die zentralen Geschäftsobjekte eines Unternehmens. Dieses Buch zeigt einen ganzheitlichen Ansatz zum qualitätsbewussten Management von Stammdaten auf und richtet sich damit sowohl an Praktiker als auch an die Wissenschaft. Das „Framework für Stammdatenqualitätsmanagement“ wurde im Rahmen des „Competence Center Corporate Data Quality“ der Universität St. Gallen seit dem Jahr 2006 gemeinsam mit Unternehmen aus unterschiedlichen Industrien in zahlreichen praktischen Anwendungen entwickelt und verbessert. Neben den theoretischen Grundlagen räumt das Buch der praktischen Sicht mit 10 Fallstudien großen Raum ein, die erfolgreich durchgeführte Datenqualitätsprojekte praxisnah aufbereiten. Schließlich führt das Buch noch Methoden und Werkzeuge für das Datenqualitätsmanagement auf, die (Stamm-)datenmanager bei Projekten im eigenen betrieblichen Umfeld unterstützen können.

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