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Toward a Sustainable Agriculture: Farming Practices and Water Use

ISBN: 9783038423300 9783038423317 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: X, 120 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
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Globally, the agri-food sector has a major role to play in ensuring food security and economic development, especially for lower income countries. In the increasingly demanding context of environmental risk, exacerbated by climate change, and of environmental degradation, agricultural producers are faced with the challenge to meet the demand of the agri-food sector to feed growing populations in a sustainable manner while still trying to make ends meet.Toward a Sustainable Agriculture: Farming Practices and Water Use, the first volume of MDPI’s Frontiers in Sustainability book series, edited by Prof. Manfred Max Bergman (University of Basel, Switzerland), aims to contribute to the agri-food sector’s need for science-based evidence required to address these challenging demands: In this book, a variety of scholars explore risks and potential solutions to inform producers and policy makers regarding practices towards sustainable production in the context of a changing climate.

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Freshwater Governance for the 21st Century

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Book Series: Global Issues in Water Policy ISSN: 2211-0631 ISBN: 9783319433486 9783319433509 Year: Pages: 250 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Hydraulic Engineering --- Environmental Sciences
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The objective of this book is to broadly illustrate the key aspects of water governance, mapping the spectrum of decision-making from techno-centric and eco-centric approaches, to hybrid concepts and people-centric approaches. Topics covered include the challenges for water-governance models, the polycentric model, the integration challenge, water in the decision-making hierarchy, and the rise of water-sensitive design, while also taking into account interdependencies between stakeholders, as well as the issue of scale.The book’s content is presented in an integrated and comprehensive format, building on detailed case studies from around the world and the authors’ working experiences in the water sector. Combining essential insights with accessible, non-technical language, it offers a valuable resource for academics, technicians and policy-makers alike.

Nachhaltigkeit in Umwelt, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft: Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783658144388 9783658144395 Year: Pages: 287 Language: Deutsch
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences
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Der Band vereint Beiträge aus dem Graduiertenkolleg „Nachhaltigkeit in Umwelt, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft“ an der Katholischen Universität Eichstätt-Ingolstadt. Auf diese Weise wird der Begriff der Nachhaltigkeit aus verschiedensten Wissenschaftsdisziplinen analysiert und in seinen Anwendungsbezügen in unterschiedlichen gesellschaftlichen Feldern vorgestellt. Die AutorInnen befassen sich mit dem Problem der Nachhaltigkeit bei Wasserbilanzen und Landnutzung ebenso wie mit Sustainable Finances, Wirtschaftskrisen und der Nachhaltigkeit sozialer Sicherungssysteme; Nachhaltigkeit wird mit Bezug auf Schöpfungsglaube, Gerechtigkeit und Lärmstressoren sowie auf Handlungskompetenz und Medienberichterstattung untersucht.​

Hydraulic City : Water and the Infrastructures of Citizenship in Mumbai

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ISBN: 9780822362548 9780822373599 Year: Pages: 320 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100286
Subject: Ethnology
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In Hydraulic City Nikhil Anand explores the politics of Mumbai's water infrastructure to demonstrate how citizenship emerges through the continuous efforts to control, maintain, and manage the city's water. Through extensive ethnographic fieldwork in Mumbai's settlements, Anand found that Mumbai's water flows, not through a static collection of pipes and valves, but through a dynamic infrastructure built on the relations between residents, plumbers, politicians, engineers, and the 3,000 miles of pipe that bind them. In addition to distributing water, the public water network often reinforces social identities and the exclusion of marginalized groups, as only those actively recognized by city agencies receive legitimate water services. This form of recognition—what Anand calls "hydraulic citizenship"—is incremental, intermittent, and reversible.

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Anthropology

Water-Energy-Food Nexus in Large Asian River Basins

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038423454 783038423447 Year: Pages: Pages: X, 246 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
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The connections between water, food and energy are currently being discussed more than ever before, thanks to the recently emerged concept of the water–energy–food security nexus. Various organizations and authors have defined and addressed the concept from their own view points: nexus is, indeed in the air.This Special Issue looks at the water–energy–food security nexus in the context of large Asian river basins, with a focus on transboundary rivers shared by several countries. The articles included in the Special Issue analyse what benefits the nexus approach could bring to these kinds of, often quite demanding, settings. And where are the potential pitfalls that call for further development.The thematic areas covered in the Special Issue thus include water resources management; energy planning and policies with an emphasis on hydropower; and food production systems, including fisheries, irrigation and cropland management. Due to its focus on transboundary contexts, the articles also look at the geopolitical, international cooperation and security aspects related to the nexus.The articles of the Special Issue include case studies from relevant transboundary river basins, with a focus on the Mekong River Basin in Southeast Asia as well as the river basins in Central Asia. Articles also include a comparative analysis in several large Asian river basins as well as more theoretical discussions of the water–energy–food security nexus and its linkages to other framings and approaches, such as IWRM and sustainable development.

Water Security in the Middle East : Essays in Scientific and Social Cooperation

Book Series: Anthem Water Diplomacy Series ISBN: 9781783085668 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Anthem Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100712
Subject: Environmental Sciences
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Water Security in the Middle East argues that, while conflicts over transboundary water systems in the Middle East do occur, they tend not to be violent nor are they the primary cause of a war in this region. The contributors in this collection of essays place water disputes in larger political, historical and scientific contexts and discuss how the humanities and social sciences contribute towards this understanding. The authors contend that international sharing of scientific and technological advances can significantly increase access to water and improve water quality. While scientific advances can and should increase adaptability to changing environmental conditions, especially climate change, national institutional reform and the strengthening of joint commissions are vital. The contributors indicate ways in which cooperation can move from simple coordination to sophisticated, adaptive and equitable modes of water management.

Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Astronomy and Astrophysics Library ISSN: 0941-7834 ISBN: 9783319444291 9783319444314 Year: Pages: 872 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Astronomy (General)
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The third edition of this indispensable book in radio interferometry provides extensive updates to the second edition, including results and technical advances from the past decade; discussion of arrays that now span the full range of the radio part of the electromagnetic spectrum observable from the ground, 10 MHz to 1 THz; an analysis of factors that affect array speed; and an expanded discussion of digital signal-processing techniques and of scintillation phenomena and the effects of atmospheric water vapor on image distortion, among many other topics.With its comprehensiveness and detailed exposition of all aspects of the theory and practice of radio interferometry and synthesis imaging, this book has established itself as a standard reference in the field. It begins with an overview of the basic principles of radio astronomy, a short history of the development of radio interferometry, and an elementary discussion of the operation of an interferometer. From this foundation, it delves into the underlying relationships of interferometry, sets forth the coordinate systems and parameters to describe synthesis imaging, and examines configurations of antennas for multielement synthesis arrays. Various aspects of the design and response of receiving systems are discussed, as well as the special requirements of very-long-baseline interferometry (VLBI), image reconstruction, and recent developments in image enhancement techniques and astrometric observations. Also discussed are propagation effects in the media between the source and the observer, and radio interference, factors that limit performance. Related techniques are introduced, including intensity interferometry, optical interferometry, lunar occultations, tracking of satellites in Earth orbit, interferometry for remote Earth sensing, and holographic measurements of antenna surfaces. This book will benefit anyone who is interested in radio interferometry techniques for astronomy, astrometry, geodesy, or electrical engineering.

Keywords

astronomy --- physics --- communications --- radio --- engineering

Water Resource Systems Planning and Management: An Introduction to Methods, Models, and Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319442327 9783319442341 Year: Pages: 624 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Technology
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This revised, updated textbook presents a systems approach to the planning, management, and operation of water resources infrastructure in the environment. Previously published in 2005 by UNESCO and Deltares (Delft Hydraulics at the time), this new edition, written again with contributions from Jery R. Stedinger, Jozef P. M. Dijkman, and Monique T. Villars, is aimed equally at students and professionals. It introduces readers to the concept of viewing issues involving water resources as a system of multiple interacting components and scales. It offers guidelines for initiating and carrying out water resource system planning and management projects. It introduces alternative optimization, simulation, and statistical methods useful for project identification, design, siting, operation and evaluation and for studying post-planning issues. The authors cover both basin-wide and urban water issues and present ways of identifying and evaluating alternatives for addressing multiple-purpose and multi-objective water quantity and quality management challenges. Reinforced with cases studies, exercises, and media supplements throughout, the text is ideal for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in water resource planning and management as well as for practicing planners and engineers in the field.

Selected Papers from the 14th Estuarine and Coastal Modeling Conference

ISBN: 9783038423621/9783038423638 Year: Pages: VIII, 412 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Hydraulic Engineering
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The 14th Estuarine and Coastal Modeling Conference provided a venue for commercial, academic, and government scientists and engineers from around the world to present and discuss the latest results and techniques in applied estuarine and coastal modeling. Prospective authors were invited to submit papers on a wide range of topic areas, including:Coastal ResiliencyPollutant Transport and Water Quality PredictionModeling Techniques and Sensitivity StudiesModel AssessmentModeling Specific Estuarine and Coastal SystemsModel Output Visualization and Analysis TechniquesWave and Sediment Transport ModelingModeling of Chemicals and FloatablesOil Spill Transport and Fate ModelingInverse MethodsFacility Siting and CSO StudiesData Assimilation TechniquesNowcast/Forecast Modeling SystemsCoupled Models of Terrestrial, Atmospheric, Coastal SystemsModeling Systems with Strong Buoyancy ForcingRisk AnalysisThis Special Issue presents a selection of papers from the conference; the papers give insight, both into current research and commercial developments, and highlight areas where further research or engineering studies are required.

Historian hajuista tuoksujen tulevaisuuteen : pääkaupunkiseudun jätevedenpuhdistuksen keskeiset päätökset Espoon näkökulmasta

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ISBN: 9789520304201 Year: Pages: 277 Language: Finnish
Publisher: Tampere University Press
Subject: History --- Environmental Sciences --- Environmental Technology
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"From Stinky History to Fragrant Future. Waste water treatment of the metropolitan area - central decisions on the point of view of Espoo is written by Adjunct Professor, PhD Petri S Juuti. The book examines how water and waste water services started and developed in Espoo from the 1950s to the 2000s.Furthermore, it is discussed what are the challenges of the future looked from the point of view of the professionals of the water sector."

Tässä kirjassa käydään läpi pk-seudun jätevedenkäsittelyn historia ja yhteistyövaiheet aina 1950-luvulta 2010-luvulle asti Espoon näkökulmasta. Tutkimuksen pääkysymyksiä ovat: Miksi jätevesien puhdistaminen on keskitetty vain yhteen puhdistamoon? Miksi Espoossa tehdään ylikunnallista yhteistyötä jätevesienpuhdistuksessa? Miten jätevesien puhdistusyhteistyö on alkanut ja muuttunut vuosien varrella? Miksi puhdistetaan naapurikuntien jätevesiä? Millaista keskustelua jätevedet ovat herättäneet menneisyydessä ja millaista tulevaisuutta koskevaa keskustelua niistä on käyty? Oikean strategian toteuttamisessa tarvitaan yhteistyötä ja osaavaa johtamista. Espoo on voinut historiassa käyttää omien resurssiensa lisäksi vesihuollossa myös naapurikuntien resursseja. Nyt tarkastelukohteena olevan jätevesienpuhdistuksen osalta tämä on tarkoittanut sitä, että naapurikunnat ovat maksaneet osansa ja osin enemmänkin kuin osansa jätevesiensä puhdistamisesta ja varsinkin Suomenojan jätevedenpuhdistamosta. Näiden lisäresurssien turvin historian saatossa kertyneet resurssit ovat mahdollistaneet nykyisen hyvän tilanteen pitkän tähtäimen strategisten päätösten avulla. Näistä strategisista päätöksistä yksi konkreettisin näyttö ovat jätevesiä koskevat sopimukset naapurikuntien kanssa. Sopimukset ja niiden takana olleet päätökset ovat hyvin kaukonäköisiä ja kaikkia osapuolia sitovia. Ne osaltaan mahdollistavat, että valittavana on ollut kehityspolkuja, joita kaikkialla ei ole ollut käytössä. Vuoden 2010 alusta alkaen Espoon vesihuolto on toiminut yhdessä pk-seudun organisaatiossa alueen muiden vesilaitosten kanssa, HSY:n organisaation alaisuudessa.

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