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Acoustics of the Vowel - Preliminaries

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ISBN: 9783034320313 Year: Pages: 296 Language: English
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers
Subject: Linguistics
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It seems as if the fundamentals of how we produce vowels and how they are acoustically represented have been clarified: we phonate and articulate. Using our vocal chords, we produce a vocal sound or noise which is then shaped into a specific vowel sound by the resonances of the pharyngeal, oral, and nasal cavities, that is, the vocal tract. Accordingly, the acoustic description of vowels relates to vowel-specific patterns of relative energy maxima in the sound spectra, known as patterns of formants. The intellectual and empirical reasoning presented in this treatise, however, gives rise to scepticism with respect to this understanding of the sound of the vowel. The reflections and materials presented provide reason to argue that, up to now, a comprehensible theory of the acoustics of the voice and of voiced speech sounds is lacking, and consequently, no satisfying understanding of vowels as an achievement and particular formal accomplishment of the voice exists. Thus, the question of the acoustics of the vowel—and with it the question of the acoustics of the voice itself—proves to be an unresolved fundamental problem.

Keywords

Phonetics --- Phonology --- Acoustics --- Vowel --- Language

Big Data in Organizations and the Role of Human Resource Management

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Book Series: Personalmanagement und Organisation ISSN: 1868940X ISBN: 9783631718902 Year: Pages: XVII pp., 237 pp. Language: English
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers
Subject: Sociology --- Business and Management --- Economics
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Big data are changing the way we work. This book conveys a theoretical understanding of big data and the related interactions on a socio-technological level as well as on the organizational level. Big data challenge the human resource department to take a new role. An organization’s new competitive advantage is its employees augmented by big data.

Candide, La fée carabine et les autres. Vers un modèle didactique de la lecture littéraire

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Book Series: Exploration ISSN: 07213700 ISBN: 9783034314794 Year: Pages: 303 Language: French
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers
Subject: Education --- Languages and Literatures
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How do teachers read Voltaire's Candide and The Pennac rifle fairy with 16 year-old students? Beyond the different effects related to the length and status of texts, this book shows that teachers use school activities to read literary texts and ensure links with the readings of the students.

Comment les enseignants lisent-ils Candide de Voltaire et La fée carabine de Pennac avec leurs élèves de 16 ans? Au-delà des effets différenciés liés à la longueur et au statut des textes, cet ouvrage montre que les enseignants recourent à des activités scolaires pour aborder les textes littéraires et assurer les liens avec les lectures des élèves.

Commercialised History: Popular History Magazines in Europe

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ISBN: 9783631657799 Year: Pages: 378 Language: English
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers
Subject: Education --- Information theory --- History
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This volume of essays is the result of the EU project «EHISTO», which dealt with the mediation of history in popular history magazines and explored how history in the commercialised mass media can be used in history teaching in order to develop the media literacy and the transcultural competences of young people. The volume offers articles which for the first time address the phenomenon of popular history magazines in Europe and their mediating strategies in a foundational way. The articles are intended as introductory material for teachers and student teachers. The topic also offers an innovative approach in terms of making possible a European cross-country comparison, in which results based on qualitative and quantitative methods are presented, related to the content focus areas profiled in the national magazines.

Comprendre et apprendre dans l’interaction. Les séquences d’explication en classe de français langue seconde

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Book Series: Linguistic Insights ISBN: 9783034314510 Year: Pages: 292 Language: French
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers
Subject: Linguistics
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This book is about the organization of explanation sequences in classes of French as a second language. It provides a description of how these sequences are organized, an inventory of resources mobilized by students to ask and give explanations, as well as a reflection on learning opportunities for students.

Cet ouvrage porte sur l’organisation des séquences d’explication en classe de français langue seconde. Il offre une description de la manière dont ces séquences sont organisées, un inventaire des ressources mobilisées par les élèves pour demander et donner des explications, ainsi qu’une réflexion sur les opportunités d’apprentissage des élèves.

Construire les Carpates: L’Institutionnalisation d’une Éco-Region

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ISBN: 9783034320368 Year: Pages: 395 Language: French
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geography --- Sociology
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This book promotes a new understanding of the regional monograph. It investigates its research topic – the Carpathian Mountains – through the prism of institutions and organizations that have objectified it and have interacted in its governance over the past ten years. As such, the Carpathian Mountains never constitute an object per se in this book, but are rather understood as a region continuously objectified by discourses, inscriptions and practices. Four months of ethnographic field work under the direction of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) at the interim secretariat of the Carpathian Convention have unveiled environmental institutions that remain largely unknown to both the general public and to researchers.

La signature le 22 mai 2003 à Kiev de la Convention cadre pour la protection et le développement durable des Carpates constitue l’acte fondateur de la construction d’un nouvel espace transnational visant la mise en application de politiques environnementales coordonnées à l’échelle du massif de montagne. Cet ouvrage réinvente l’exercice de la monographie régionale en appréhendant cette région des Carpates au prisme des institutions et des organisations qui l’ont objectivée et qui interagissent dans sa gouvernance depuis une dizaine d’années. Dans cette perspective, les Carpates ne figurent jamais dans cette étude comme un objet en soi, mais comme une région objectivée par des discours, des inscriptions et des pratiques d’acteurs. Grâce à une enquête ethnographique menée au secrétariat de la Convention des Carpates administré ad intérim par le Programme des Nations-Unies pour l’Environnement, cette étude ouvre la boîte noire d’institutions environnementales qui restent largement méconnues du grand public et des chercheurs eux-mêmes. Elle retrace les étapes par lesquelles la région des Carpates prend forme, souvent de manière contestée, et se trouve progressivement institutionnalisée.

Conversational Writing - A Multidimensional Study of Synchronous and Supersynchronous Computer-Mediated Communication

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Book Series: English Corpus Linguistics ISSN: 1610868X ISBN: 9783631671535 Year: Pages: 353 Language: English
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers
Subject: Linguistics --- Information theory
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The author analyses computer chat as a form of communication. While some forms of computer-mediated communication (CMC) deviate only marginally from traditional writing, computer chat is popularly considered to be written conversation and the most “oral” form of written CMC. This book systematically explores the varying degrees of conversationality (“orality”) in CMC, focusing in particular on a corpus of computer chat (synchronous and supersynchronous CMC) compiled by the author. The book employs Douglas Biber’s multidimensional methodology and situates the chats relative to a range of spoken and written genres on his dimensions of linguistic variation. The study fills a gap both in CMC linguistics as regards a systematic variationist approach to computer chat genres, and in variationist linguistics as regards a description of conversational writing.

The Governance of Educational Welfare Markets: A Comparative Analysis of the European Social Fund in Five Countries

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ISBN: 9783034318990 Year: Pages: 248 Language: English
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Education --- Social Sciences --- Political Science
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This book is a first exploratory inquiry into possible educational selectivity effects of the European Social Fund (ESF). It assesses the extent of the gap between the social policy objectives set through regulatory competences in multi-level governance and the structure of incentives it breeds in practice, with a broad range of implications for the capacity of the government to control for an equitable distribution of services at the community level. The chapters emphasize the educational selectivity involved in national policy decisions concerning ESF implementation in the five countries, the role of informal mechanisms in fine-tuning implementation, the negative effects of formalization and failures in accommodating the complexity of goals which characterizes the ESF, as well as the overall fairness of ESF implementation towards the most disadvantaged groups in society. The empirical analysis suggests that social-service delivery contracting as an instrument of governance is no longer regulating against risks for beneficiaries, but fuels increased social division in access to public services.

Mégare et les établissements mégariens de Sicile, de la Propontide et du Pont-Euxin. Histoire et institutions

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ISBN: 9783034304610 Year: Language: French
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers
Subject: Archaeology --- History --- Languages and Literatures
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This book aims to offer a new interpretation of the settlement movement initiated by the city of Megara in archaic times. It shows the role of conflict between the aristocratic families for the departure of the Megarians and reveals the role of the heritage of the metropolis in the creation of institutions of colonial cities.

Musterwandel – Sortenwandel. Aktuelle Tendenzen der diachronen Text(sorten)linguistik

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Book Series: Sprache in Kommunikation und Medien ISBN: 9783034314886 Year: Language: German
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers
Subject: Linguistics
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The texts in this volume deal with the current transformation of text types and text patterns and thus make a significant contribution to current issues of diachronic linguistics aligned text types and different transformation processes of recent usage history

Die Texte des vorliegenden Bandes beschäftigen sich mit dem gegenwärtigen Wandel von Textsorten und Textmustern und leisten damit einen wesentlichen Beitrag zu aktuellen Fragen der diachron ausgerichteten Textsortenlinguistik und zu verschiedenen Wandelprozessen der jüngeren Sprachgebrauchsgeschichte

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