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Browse results: Found 19

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Bending Opinion : Essays on Persuasion in the Public Domain

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Book Series: LUP Academic ISBN: 9789087280994 Year: Pages: 456 DOI: 10.5117/9789087280994 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Linguistics
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With communication playing an increasingly important role in contemporary society, rhetoric appears to have gained in influence and importance. The ancients knew all along: power belongs to those who know how to use their words. Nowadays, we know that rhetoric pervades all discourse. There is no communication without rhetoric. In a society with ever-increasing amounts of information, and with media whose significance cannot be overestimated, we need to know all the mechanisms playing a role in the gathering, making and reporting of information and opinions, and its processing by an audience. Rhetoric is, from both a practical and a theoretical perspective, essential to the conduct, analysis and evaluation of public debates. After all, the idea of democracy is closely intertwined with the ideal of transparent decision-making on the basis of open, informed discussions in the public domain, in political, organizational and journalistic discourse. Bending Opinion cites a host of relevant examples, from Barack Obama to Geert Wilders, as well as compelling case studies.

Het belang van communicatie neemt steeds verder toe in de huidige samenleving, en daarmee blijkt ook retoriek aan invloed te winnen. Het was al bekend in de Oudheid: de macht behoort hen toe die weten hoe ze hun woorden moeten gebruiken. Tegenwoordig beheerst retoriek het publieke debat, en is er geen communicatie zonder retoriek. In een samenleving die wordt gekenmerkt door een overvloed aan informatie en zeer invloedrijke media, is het van groot belang belang inzicht te krijgen in de mechanismen die een rol spelen bij het verzamelen, maken en het overbrengen van informatie en meningen, en de manier waarop het publiek deze verwerkt. Retoriek is, zowel vanuit praktisch als theoretisch oogpunt, essentieel voor de uitwerking, analyse en evaluatie van het publieke debat. Uiteindelijk is het idee van democratie nauw vervlochten met het ideaal van transparante besluitvorming op basis van open, goed-ge nformeerderde discussies in het publieke domein en het politieke en journalistieke discours.

A Cape of Asia : Essays on European History

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ISBN: 9789087281281 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: History
License: Leiden University Press

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A Cape of Asia collects eighteen of Wesseling’s finest essays on European History, clustered around three concerns: The Wider View, or the historical European perspective on globalization, migration and decolonization; Europe’s Identity, reflecting the shift from Eurocentrism to Americanization and Europe’s acceptance of Japan, China and India as new key players in the global economy; and European Ideas about Education, Science, and Art. The third section includes the articles ‘Johan Huizinga and the Spirit of the Nineteen Thirties’ and ‘The Expansion of Europe and the Development of Science and Technology’. A small cape of Asia was how Paul Valéry described Europe in 1919 – a pointed summary of the new mood that came over Europe in the interbellum years. Wesseling’s essays hold to the original sense of the word: personal reflections on vast subjects written for an intellectual and interested but not necessarily specialized readership.

Keywords

History

Cities Full of Symbols : A Theory of Urban Space and Culture

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ISBN: 9789087281250 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.5117/9789087281250 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: Political Science --- Anthropology --- Architecture
License: Leiden University Press

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This book examines design proposals that show symbolic handling of the 9/11 attack on New York, the disaster symbolism of the ship washed ashore by the tsunami in Banda Aceh, and the design of the symbol of the city of Cape Town derived from a remnant of Dutch colonial architecture, or the mass pilgrimage to Elvis’s Graceland in Memphis. Cities Full of Symbols develops urban symbolic ecology and hypercity approaches into a new perspective on social cohesion.Approaches of architects, anthropologists, sociologists, social geographers and historians converge to make this a book for anyone interested in urban life, policymaking and city branding.

Overal in steden zijn de betekenisvolle symbolen te vinden die samen de stadscultuur vormen. In de bundel Cities Full of Symbols, worden voorbeelden van Jakarta tot Leiden en van Buenos Aires tot New York gebruikt, en wordt aan de hand van de ‘urban symbolism theory’ ingezoomd op symbolen zoals stadslayout, standbeelden, straatnamen en de heersende populaire cultuur.Dit boek onderzoekt de symboliek die ten grondslag ligt aan de bouwplannen na de aanslagen op 11 september in New York, de betekenis van het tijdens de tsunami aangespoelde schip in Banda Atjeh, het stadslogo van Kaapstad dat is afgeleid van Nederlandse koloniale architectuur, en de massale pelgrimage naar Elvis’ Graceland in Memphis.In Cities Full of Symbols wordt door middel van stedelijke symbolische ecologie en hypercity benaderingen een nieuw perspectief ontwikkeld over sociale cohesie. Deze bundel verenigt benaderingen van architecten, antropologen, sociologen, sociaal geografen en historici. Dit is een boek voor iedereen met interesse in het stadsleven, beleidsvorming en stadsmarketing.

Déjà Vu : Herhaling in culturen wereldwijd

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Book Series: LUP Academic ISBN: 9789087281465 Year: Pages: 336 Language: Dutch
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: Arts in general
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Repetition has a major role in human culture.In lullabies and prayers, in protests and warcries: from the cradle to the grave, repetitionis the companion to life’s essentials. In aconstantly revolving world there is no purerepetition. Events never repeat themselvesprecisely. This is equally true of repetitionin Literature and Art, where the use ofrepetition is varied and frequent. How doesrepetition work? And how can it be of use?Déjà Vu unravels these questions in fifteenchapters ranging from film remakes andBaudelaire to the offer of Abraham and DavidLodge, Small World. Déjà Vu shows thatrepetition has been used worldwide throughall times and cultures in visual arts, poetry,music, literature and motion pictures.

Herhaling speelt een centrale rol in menselijke cultuuruitingen. Slaap - liedjes en smeekbeden, protesten en strijdkreten: van de wieg tot het graf begeleidt de herhaling de essentiële gebeurtenissen in het leven. Maar in een wereld die zelf voortdurend in beweging is, kan van zuivere herhaling geen sprake zijn. Je kunt onmogelijk tweemaal in dezelfde rivier stappen. Dat geldt ook in literatuur en kunst, waar herhaling veelvuldig wordt ingezet als artistiek middel. Daarbij is juist het verschil van essentieel belang. Maar wat is precies de aard van dat verschil? Wat ‘doet’ herhaling als kunstgreep met het werk? En hoe kan herhaling worden ingezet om gevestigde belangen en opvattingen te consolideren of juist te onder mijnen? Déjà Vu behandelt deze vragen vanuit een interdisciplinair en mondiaal perspectief en laat daarbij zien hoe het middel van de herhaling door alle tijden en alle culturen wordt toegepast in beeldende kunst, muziek, literatuur en film.

Keywords

Repetition

Father of Persian Verse : Rudaki and his Poetry

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Book Series: Iranian Studies Series ISBN: 9789087280925 9789087282851 Year: Pages: 124 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
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Abu ‘Abdollâh’ Jafar ibn Mohammad Rudaki (c. 880 CE-941 CE) was a poet to the Samanid court which ruled much of Khorâsân (northeastern Persia) from its seat in Bukhara. He is widely regarded as the father of Persian poetry, for he was the first major poet to write in New Persian language, following the Arab conquest in the seventh and eighth centuries, which established Islam as the official religion, and made Arabic the predominant literary language in Persian-speaking lands for some two centuries. This book presents Rudaki as the founder of a new poetic aesthetic, which was adopted by subsequent generations of Persian poets. Rudaki is credited with being the first to write in the rubâi form; and many of the images we first encounter in Rudaki’s lines have become staples of Persian poetry.

Keywords

Literature --- Persian poetry --- persia --- poetry

Friends, Acquaintances, Pupils and Patrons : Japanese Intellectual Life in the Late Eighteenth Century: A Prosopographical Approach

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Book Series: LUP Dissertaties ISBN: 9789087280017 Year: Pages: 320 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: Sociology --- History --- Social Sciences
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This study of the social circumstances of Japanese intellectuals in the last quarter of the eighteenth century is based on biographical data concerning 173 individuals. It deals with the image of intellectual life of that period in current scholarship, and with the self-image and ethos of scholars, authors, poets and artists. That self-image and ethos, however, often clash with the realities of their everyday lives. This prosopographical investigation offers a new look at intellectual life on a basic level. The current image of intellectual life in the Tokugawa period is one of dissatisfaction and withdrawal, whereas the image that results from this study is one of dynamism and interaction. For more (Dutch-language) titles on Japan, please visit: "http://www.aup.nl/do.php?a=show_visitor_booklist&b=series&series=21">www.aup.nl/japan

Dit onderzoek naar de sociale omstandigheden van Japanse intellectuelen in het laatste kwart van de achttiende eeuw is gebaseerd op biografische gegevens van 173 personen. Het onderzoek behandelt het beeld van het intellectuele leven van die periode zoals dat vorm heeft gekregen in het werk van moderne Japanologen, maar beziet tevens zelfbeeld en ethos van de betreffende geleerden, schrijvers, dichters en kunstenaars. Zelfbeeld en ethos blijken dan vaak te botsen met de alledaagse realiteit van hun bestaan. Uitgaande van die alledaagse realiteit komt deze prosopografische benadering tot een nieuwe kijk op het intellectuele leven. Het huidige beeld van het intellectuele klimaat van de Tokugawa periode laat voornamelijk ontevredenheid en Weltflucht/ zien. Deze dissertatie echter toont een cultuur van dynamiek en interactie. Voor meer titels over Japan, zie ook: "http://www.aup.nl/do.php?a=show_visitor_booklist&b=series&series=21">www.aup.nl/japan

Guts and Brains : An Integrative Approach to the Hominin Record

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Book Series: LUP Academic ISBN: 9789087280147 Year: Pages: 280 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: Sociology
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The human brain and its one hundred billion neurons compose the most complex organ in the body and harness more than 20 per cent of all the energy we produce. Why do we have such large and energy-demanding brains, and how have we been able to afford such an expensive organ for thousands of years? Guts and Brains discusses the key variables at stake in such a question, including the relationship between brain size and diet, diet and social organization, and large brains and the human sexual division of labour. This interdisciplinary volume provides an entry for the reader into understanding the development of both early primates and our own species

Waarom hebben wij zulke grote en energie-vretende hersenen? Hoe kunnen we ons zo'n duur orgaan permitteren, en hoe deden Neandertalers dat, hun brein was immers minstens zo groot als dat van de moderne mens? In deze bundel behandelen vooraanstaande onderzoekers de verwevenheid van belangrijke variabelen in deze, bijvoorbeeld de relatie tussen dieet en hersengrootte bij primaten, tussen dieet en sociale organisatie, en tussen grote, "dure" hersenen en de sexe-gebonden arbeidsverdeling bij hedendaagse jagers-verzamelaars. De bijdragen in Guts and Brains laten zien dat kleine veranderingen in het dieet van onze verre voorouders grote gevolgen hadden voor hun manier van leven en uiteindelijk ook voor die van de moderne mens. Daarmee geeft de bundel ons niet alleen een beter inzicht in de levenswijze van vroege mensachtigen maar ook in die van die eigenaardige primaat die wij Homo sapiens noemen, onze eigen soort.

Islam, Politics and Change

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Book Series: Debates on Islam and Society ISBN: 9789087282493 9789087282387 Year: Pages: 352 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: Religion --- History
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After violent protests all over the country had forced President Suharto to step down in 1998, Indonesia successfully made the transition from an authoritarian state to a democracy. In this book Indonesian scholars attached to Islamic universities and Dutch researchers investigate what happened since and what the consequences are of the growing influence of orthodoxy and radicalism, which already visible before 1998, only got stronger.This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Jihad and Islam in World War I

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Book Series: Debates on Islam and Society ISBN: 9789087282509 9789087282394 Year: Pages: 352 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: Religion --- History
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This books investigates the background and nature of the Ottoman Jihad proclamation, but also its effects in the wider Middle East. It looks at the German hopes and British fears of a worldwide rising of Muslims in the colonial empires. It also discusses the fierce academic debates caused by the Jihad proclamation, in which the 1915 manifesto of Leiden Islam scholar Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje (“Holy War Made in Germany”) played a key role.This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

A Key to the Treasure of the Hakim : Artistic and Humanistic Aspects of Nizami Ganjavi's Khamsa

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Book Series: Iranian Studies Series ISBN: 9789087280970 Year: Pages: 306 DOI: 10.5117/9789087280970 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: Philosophy --- History --- Languages and Literatures
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This "Key" to the Khamsa consists of thirteen essays by eminent scholars in the field of Persian Studies, each focusing on different aspects of the Khamsa, which is a collection of five long poems written by the Persian poet Nizami of Ganja. Nizami (1141-1209) lived and worked in Ganja in present-day Azerbaijan. He is widely recognized as one of the main poets of Medieval Persia, a towering figure who produced outstanding poetry, straddling mysticism, romances and epics. He has left his mark on the whole Persian-speaking world and countless younger poets in the area stretching from the Ottoman to the Mughal worlds (present-day Turkey, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, India) have found him an inspiration and have tried to emulate him. His work has influenced such other immense poets as Hafez, Rumi, and Saadi. His five masnavis (long poems) address a variety of topics and disciplines and have all enjoyed enormous fame, as the countless surviving manuscripts of his work indicate. His heroes, Khosrow and Shirin, Leili and Majnun, Iskandar count amongst the stars of the Persian literary firmament and have become household names all over the Islamic world. The essays in the present volume constitute a significant development in the field of Nizami-studies, and on a more general level, of classical Persian literature. They focus on topics such as mysticism, art history, comparative literature, science, and philosophy. they show how classical Greek knowledge mingles in a unique manner with the Persian past and the Islamic culture in Nizami's world. They reflect a high degree of engagement with the existing scholarship in the field, they revive and challenge traditional views on the poet and his work and are indispensable both for specialists in the field and for anyone interested in the movement of ideas in the Medieval world.

Deze "sleutel" om de 'Khamsa' te ontsluiten bestaat uit dertien essays door specialisten op het gebied van Perzische Studies. Elk essay richt zich op een ander aspect van de 'Khamsa', een verzameling van vijf lange gedichten geschreven door de Perzische dichter Nizami van Ganja. Nizami (1141-1209) woonde en werkte in Ganja, in het huidige Azerbeidzjan. Hij wordt algemeen erkend als een van de belangrijkste dichters van het middeleeuwse Perzië. Hij schreef poëzie op het breukvlak mystiek, romances en heldendichten en drukte zijn stempel op talloze jonge dichters, zoals Hafez, Rumi en Saadi, over een gebied dat zich uitstrekt van het huidige Turkije, Azerbeidzjan, Armenië, Georgië, Iran, Afghanistan, oezbekistan, Tadzjikistan, Pakistan, India. De essays dit boek zorgen voor een nieuwe kijk op de 'Khamsa'. Zij richten zich op onderwerpen als mystiek, kunstgeschiedenis, vergelijkende literatuur, wetenschap en filosofie. Ze laten zien hoe de klassieke Griekse kennis zich op een unieke manier vermengde met het Perzische verleden en de islamitische cultuur. Dit boek is onmisbaar voor de specialisten op het gebied van Perzische literatuur, maar ook goed leesbaar voor de geïnteresseerd leek.

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